This is default featured slide 1 title
This is default featured slide 2 title
This is default featured slide 3 title
This is default featured slide 4 title
This is default featured slide 5 title
 

Welcome to our website

Lorem ipsum eu usu assum liberavisse, ut munere praesent complectitur mea. Sit an option maiorum principes. Ne per probo magna idque, est veniam exerci appareat no. Sit at amet propriae intellegebat, natum iusto forensibus duo ut.

What Schools Did Beyonce Attend

Beyonce Knowles is one of the world’s most famous singers and actresses. She was the lead singer for the pop band Destiny’s Child and went on to a solo career as a singer and and actress, co starring in 2002 in “Austin Powers: Goldmember” together with mega star Mike Meyers and the following year opposite “Kevin Gooding Jr.” in The Fighting Temptations. But what schools did Beyonce attend to make her the star that she is today? I set out to find out and this is what I learned.

Beyonce Knowles began her schooling in Texas at St. Mary’s Elementary School, a local religious school that her parents wanted her to attend. It was at St. Mary’s that her musical talent was first discovered. Beyonce decided to take some dance classes where she learned both classic ballet and jazz. After a recital, her instructor heard her humming and when she was actually able to hit the high note realized that he had a music genius in the making on his hands. She enrolled in the school talent show and despite an early case of stage fright, got out there and sang, getting rave reviews at the age of 7.

In 1990, Beyonce switched schools and enrolled in Parker Elementary School, a special music magnet school for those who are gifted in the musical arts. She sang there with the school choir until graduation, when she attended the High School for the Performing and Visual Arts in Houston.
Beyonce later switched schools yet again, this time attending Alief Elsik High School, one the largest in the state.
Amazingly, in spite of being a super-star, when one asks the question what schools did Beyonce attend, for college, you will not hear that she went to Juliard or some other school of the performing arts. Instead, you will find that Beyonce never made it to college. By the time of her high school graduation, Beyonce was already well on her way to becoming a super star. At that time, Destiny’s Child had already recorded one album and their second, breakout album, the one that blew the charts away and turned her into a super star was just a couple of years down the line.

I cannot imagine however that Beyonce would not encourage kids to stay in school and even go to college. As a role model to girls everywhere, when people ask the question, what schools did Beyonce attend, I’m sure she can only offer her own counsel, that she attended several schools, but that does not mean that she wouldn’t suggest going for a college education as well.

Christian Homeschooling Curriculum

There are many reasons why someone would want to home school their children with a Christian homeschooling curriculum. A lot of homeschooling programs have some of the best programs available on the market. Some may even argue they are better than traditional school because of the extreme focus being put on one child. With most Christian programs for schooling children, you may find CD-ROMS used for educating the child. The students can benefit from grade specific texts. Just like any other traditional school, the curriculum is split up into certain grade levels. Most Christian homeschooling have a strong international emphasis. Some users of these types of programs find the work challenging and advanced, which could be seen as a good thing when you want your child to learn above the common lessons that are being taught in regular school.

There are many benefits and disadvantages to using Christian homeschooling curriculums. For the advantages, the child can learn at their own speed, but at the same time challenge themselves to more advanced material. As we all know, advanced learning is important when dealing with the real world and certain workplace environments. Most of these homeschooling programs cover all grades and is focused towards preparing the student for college. Even though these are all good things dealing with homeschooling, there are somedisadvantages that should also be considered. For one, the student may become easily distracted at home than they would in a more traditional setting. Television, video games and interruptions are some challenges a child may face when being taught at home. Also, if the child does not grasp the material, they might need outside help. Sometimes, children may need a live tutor to help them besides a CD-ROM or computer based learning curriculum.

Christian homeschooling curriculums vary in cost, depending on the program and the specifics of the learning plans. Some programs charge on a monthly basis, which parents find more affordable and reasonable. I have seen some that only cost $100 a month, which seems like a reasonable price for students or guardians looking to school their children at home. However, if the child will need extra help for grasping the material, they may need an outside tutor or teacher to walk them through the learning plans. This can add on to the initial cost as another expense.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education

 

Getting an online education has become a very popular technique these days. Whether you are looking for a high school diploma or a graduate degree or some specialized certification to supplement your existing knowledge, it is very convenient to obtain these without having to take time off from your schedule to attend a regular educational institution.

There are many advantages associated with online study. Some are given below:

Unlike traditional learning, distance learning can offer you greater flexibility, as you don’t have to waste time- and money- commuting to the campus and you can choose a program that truly suits your interests or professional needs, because you are not confined to the classes that are offered locally.
Another advantage to distance learning is the fact that you can continue to work, because you don’t have to worry about fitting your classes around your job schedule.
Online programs often cost less than their traditional counterparts, so you can save money on tuition, if you pursue your degree through an online university.
Online study is also a great option for those students with physical handicaps, which may prevent them from traveling to a traditional campus. Likewise, if you are shy, or perhaps even language-challenged, participating in an online course may be the perfect alternative to a live class.

There are some major advantages to online education, including the ability to set your own study time. You may be looking for a promotion or career change that requires additional training or you may simply be ready to learn something new. But with today’s busy lifestyle, there’s little time to devote to regularly scheduled class time. That’s where online education can be a great asset for a motivated person.

Although there are many advantages of an online education, there are also some disadvantages. The fact that you are working on your own could very well be one of the major disadvantages of taking online educational classes.

Another major disadvantage is the lack of interaction. You aren’t in a classroom and don’t have the opportunity to hear questions and discussion from other students. This isn’t always an issue, depending on the subject of the online education course you are taking, but it could be an important factor in deciding whether an online education is the best option when seeking out opportunities for learning new skills or gaining new training.

But above all the disadvantages the online education is gaining more esteem than traditional education.

Online Education or Distance Learning

Online or Distance Learning

The basic concept of online learning is to teach and learn with the teacher and students in different places and time using technology which requires teachers to understand and deliver these courses and students on how to study and use these technologies (Moore & Kearsley, 2012). Online learning provides a great access to various resources that are easy, convenient, and effective. Students need to improve education and skills to have a better opportunity without interfering with their jobs without the need for traditional school facilities and other costly services. Online learning changes future learning culture as well as learning and school structures that lead to a higher quality of distance learning with an emphasis on new strategies and the rise of creativity (Moore & Kearsley, 2012).

Online and distance learning is the future development that will transform all education into the next level of learning and teaching. The Sloan Consortium (2012) report stated that “65% of higher education institutions now say that online learning is a critical part of their long-term strategy” (para. 3). Schools and higher education is costly which requires an alternative solution to improve the education and make education matter and become reachable which technology can provide in the next decade.  Looking at all reports, they indicate that most of the educational institutes have an increase in future development of online education based on high demand. These factors are not only for courses but to meet the learner’s demands but also increase faculty training as well. Learning on Demand: Online Education in the United States (2009) report stated that more than 65 percent and more than 2,500 colleges and universities to establish online training for their faculty to meet future demand (The Sloan Consortium, 2012). If we look back 10 years ago we can recognize the difference on using online education comparing to today’s growth and need.  The generation’s demand and supply can enforce the change ties with the technology growth that enforces educationalinstitutes to transform their way of methodology and techniques. In conclusion that the next decade online education will profoundly improve and change with a change of society’s demand and culture change.

The benefit of distance and online education are unlimited. However, every organization may be limited to their budget, capability, ability, and organizational strategic plan and goals as well as objectives.  Levy (2003) suggests that an organization needs to determine six factors in order to establish online or distance learning. These factors are visions and plan, curriculum, staff training and support, student training and support, student service, and copyrights (Levy, 2003). It is imperative to have successful steps and programs when understanding the need of the students and what motivates and affects their success. Students’ needs and interest are changing and that enforces schools requirements, structures, and educational tools. Moore and Kearsley (2012) agree that programs must be related and relevant to student concerns, cultural expectation, and social interest with confederations of the level of technology required, scheduling, assignments evaluations, feedback, course progress, and the amount of students and instructor interactions.Online programs are not about the ability of using the internet and creating a World Wide Web to compete with educational institutes and provide student needs anytime and anywhere. Require for a plan of action and management team is to establish the needs, problems and solutions with an organization to support in budget, facilities, and training. The organization must have a plan of change with all support required including funds and training. The educational institute needs to justify why, how, what, who, and where questions to implement efficient and effective to move forward.   Online education still have a long way to improve, change, and became accepted as a traditional education in people’s way of thinking and formally. Any educational institute can support online education if it is related to school vision and mission in addition students’ needs and purpose of learning. This requires:

  1. Program credential.
  2. Ability to transfer credits.
  3. Cost effective.
  4. Flexibility.
  5. Related to workforce.
  6. Basic technology.
  7. Know your audience (students), level, age, works, and personality.
  8. Students support.When a student gets a better education with the above factors then there is no doubt that online education takes the right steps and processes.References:Levy, S. (2003). Six factors to consider when planning online distance learning programs in higher education. Online Journal of Distance Learning AdministrationVI(1), Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring61/levy61.htmMoore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2012). Distance education, a systems view ofonline learning. (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub Co.The Sloan Consortium. (2012). Going the distance: Online education in the united states, 2011. Retrieved from The Sloan Consortium. (2012). Learning on demand: Online education in the united states, 2009. Retrieved from http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/learning_on_demand_sr2010

 

Early childhood education is a good start

The appropriate conditions for higher education can be created at a very early age. Early education has the potential to train children to grow into citizens who are more likely to succeed in their life and contribute to society in later lives. Also, they are able to aid in enhanced economic productivity.

Early education is also important in terms of a child’s physical, intellectual, social and emotional development. Growth of mental and physical abilities takes place at an increased rate from birth to six years. So this is the time when children in particular need high quality personal care and learning experience. The learning capabilities of humans continue for the rest of their lives, but not at the same intensity. It is higher at the preschool age, and early education accelerates it further. During this age, experience from early learning can lay foundation for later school success through intellectual, social and emotional development.

The early years till the age of three, speech is the most important area of consideration. Here, parents are the main influence in building learning experience and education. When they attend schools, they begin to recognize familiar objects and formulate laws governing their properties. They learn at a faster pace and being to socialize as well. In addition, they get encouragement through books and interaction so they soon pick up new things and improve their vocabulary. Such development is one of the very important tools that a child need during later phase of life.

Early  includes words that toddlers can learn to describe their world and ideas. Parents and caregivers have a great impact on this speech improvement. In schools, kids have the opportunity to learn these words as well as apply them in regular use. It is not only the words, but kids also learn colors, fruits, or whatever they come across in daily life.

Everything kids learn in schools comes through play. They learn relationships, social skills, and develop values through play so it is an important part of child’s education. The play is normally done with toys, or objects that can be taken outdoors. Kids also take and enjoy some art tools through play and learn to hold brushes, crayons, and hunky chalks. They develop patience and problem solving skills with time.However, guaranteeing access and quality of early childhood education is incredibly challenging. When looking for child education Singapore, parents need to find the best place where their kids can get the dynamic

Early childhood care and education for kids aged between 0-5 years

“The first Five years have so much to do with how the next 80 turn out.” The famous American Business magnate Bill Gates has intellectually touched the horizon of philosophical supremacy with his cognizance. Early childhood refers to the first five years of a man’s life. This is the most crucial period because the development is very fast and permanent. The foundations are set down for a lifelong learning and mental development. The scientific evidences say that in this period the development of the brain makes a pathway which affects health, learning and behaviour throughout the cycle of life. A child is the future of the nation but it is our soul duty to bring up the child properly.  And the teacher is a person who has got the noble job of creating other professions and a secure future. It is crucial for the child to determine how they should behave in different context. Hence the child’s first teacher is an integral part of the early learning process.

It is an important tradition of holding dear the early years of a child’s life and teaching them all the basic values and social skills. In the whilom this was transmitted through the families and genitors. But with the gradual changes in the social context in the last few years the early childhood educator has got this valuable position to shape those little minds. The main objective of building up the foundation for an overall development of a child’s interventions always includes intensive child care and proper nutrition during early childhood. Early childhood is marked out as the prior period from birth to five years old. These five years are remarkable for the growth of brain and these five years lay the foundation for later on learning and development. Early Childhood Care and Education programmes are responsible for attending health, nutrition and learning which provide holistic development for the children.  UNESCO advocates for Early Childhood Care and Education courses and works to encourage all the effective implementation of the institutions so that all young children can be helped to develop their potential to the fullest.The aspiring teachers must have the knowledge of caring the young children and providing them a learning atmosphere. The Early Childhood Education course prepares the aspirants for working with children in the age group of 0-5 years and provides them with many jobs in crèches, private schools and day boarding. On the part of the current emphasis on getting teachers to be more effective at teaching this is very necessary for the teacher or care givers to be able to demonstrate the skills and inclination. This course involves the chance of actually working with children. International Diploma in Early Childhood Education (ECE) is an open to change course available in both online and distance modes of learning.

Sodium Burn; Daily Creative Inspiration From Assorted International Image Makers

Sodium Burn is a new online gallery and blog featuring daily creative visual inspiration from International image makers.

Contributors come from worldwide sources and assorted disciplines, curated by the company founder, photographer and designer Chris Charalambous.

Sodium Burn is a portal for high quality yet undiscovered original artwork, interjecting new blood into visual imagery.
Each day there are new featured artists from photography, graphic design, illustration, oil on canvas and more, all with ingenuous personal flair and style.

Daily creative inspiration comes from unique individuals, such as
Brock Davies an award-winning artist who works in a variety of mediums including photography, sculpture, illustration, graphic design and video. His work is rooted in concepts that focus on the mundane, familiar objects of every day life and suggest a rejuvenated way in which to perceive them. The familiar becomes new, the ordinary, extraordinary. It’s been described by famed street artist, Banksy, as “a freewheeling sideways visual energy that’s impossible not to love.” In addition to art, Brock has worked in the advertising and design industry for the past 20 years, creating groundbreaking work for a variety of clients including Apple, Target, Jack Links, Subaru, Harley-Davidson, Porsche and many others. His work has received national and international acclaim, acquiring every notable industry award including the prestigious Cannes Lion.

Sodium Burn includes artists who are highly accomplished and established alongside complete unknown talents, each has something stunning to bring to the party such as Polish Fashion & Beauty Photographer Joanna Kustra who describes herself as someone who loves to see beauty in all things, she both highly technical and entirely self taught.
Sodium Burn adds daily creative inspiration from American painter
David J Cunnngham
David’s Artistic education started at The Atelier Studio Program of Fine Art which is based out of Minneapolis and which is modelled after the 19th century French Academic School. Training began with a series of exercises starting with charcoal drawings and oil paintings of plaster caste busts for the first year, before progressing to more difficult things such as still life in the second year, and portraiture in the third and fourth year.

There are few other portals such as Sodium Burn seeking out and promoting the best new diverse, unique and original artists and image makers.
There are few other portals such as Sodium Burn seeking out and promoting the best new diverse, unique and original artists and image makers.

This is a vital resource promoting across a multitude of genres, it is there to be shared, talked about, sold, and ultimately to inspire. The curated works are high quality, rich and varied with an innate eclecticism and intrigue meaning nothing is ever dull or bland,
This is art to excite and enliven rather than merely beautify,

​Take a look at www.sodiumburn.com for your daily dose of original art and get in touch for further information.

Get Assistance of Online Education for IB and IGCSE Subjects Internationally

IB Global Academy is the online personal tutorial that gives the students the facility to take classes anytime anywhere in the restrains of their home. The programs and courses by IB tutorial include various subjects that comprise a comprehensive curriculum for school as well as college students.

The online education programs provide worldwide certification in varied subjects. The portal provides services that include online learning, virtual learning, language learning, university learning and other courses as well as online school teachers for students of all grades.

The IB Physics online tutor available online provides easy to access convenient home tutorials with 100% result oriented tuitions that can help any student sitting anywhere in the world. Another benefit of the online tutor service is the 24X7 availability of tutors whenever you need them without any hassles of travelling anywhere to give or take tuitions.

The student’s parents can pay the fee online via credit/debit card or net-banking and have 24×7 accesses to home tuitions. The IB home tuitions are available in many cities in India and can provide their services to most students of different cities. For example, an IB home tutor in Delhi can provide tuitions to a student sitting in a distant city like Chennai or Bangalore.

The portal provides access to graduate schools, colleges and universities for which the students can opt to study the course of their choice and get online certifications or indulge in the training courses of their choice as well as online English speaking courses.

Thus students can get access to online distance courses, free online courses, education courses through online video tutorials as well as exams as well as counseling services like free parenting tips online. Hence IB Global Academy is a one stop solution to all the educational needs of students of all ages as well as their parents.

Physics is the subject that helps you to develop problem solving and analytical skills. It is the key solution to all physical phenomenons rolling around us. Online Tuition for ib physics provides tuitions via trained and experienced tutors via online classes. Our faculty is having scholars and expertise of Physics. The online classes are specially designed for those students who somehow can’t attend regular classes at our institutes. There is always a one-to-one interaction between student and faculty and the environment is healthy to grow and learn.

IB Global Academy has been formed to help and assist the International Baccalaureate students who face difficulty in their IB subjects and assignments. This site has been specially designed for helping those IB students who need help and guidance on IB subjects like IB English, IB Mathematics, IB Physics, IB Chemistry, IB Biology, IB Economics, IB Business and Management, IB Geography, IB History, IB Computer Science and so on. We cater to all subjects from Group 1 to Group 6 and cover almost every aspect of the IB Diploma curriculum. Our specialty lies in providing quality, experienced and competent teachers who can help and guide the IB students in their respective subjects and tasks. We have been providing help and guidance to the IBO students since 2005 and are one of the leaders in providing quality tuition and support to IB students from all over the world.
Some of the countries from where students have taken help from us in the recent past includes the US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Argentina,  UK, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Netherlands, Poland, Turkey, Spain, Italy, Greece, China, Japan, Indonesia, Singapore, Oman, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Kenya and India.

Using The Concept Of “machine” To Teach Algebraic Concepts To Elementary School Students

The ideas presented in this article came about as a response to a perfectly awful third grade text book lesson which my wife was forced to present when she was student teaching. The lesson was intended (I suppose) as an introduction to algebraic concepts.

Without any motivation or other rationale, the text introduced a problem:

If 3 × X = 12 what is X?

This was followed by a description of the standard algebraic procedure for solving the problem:

  • Divide both sides of the equation by three;
  • “Cancel” the “3”s on the left hand side;
  • Divide 12 by 3;
  • Conclude that X = 4.

This procedure was described by a sequence of diagrams, each showing the next step in the transformation. The authors of the text were clearly under no illusion that a typical or even advanced third grader would understand the meaning and justification behind an algebraic derivation. The level of abstraction required to understand the concept of variable, the meaning of an equation, the idea that equations are assertions which can be transformed to logically equivalent assertions and the strategy for deriving a solution is light years beyond anything a normal third grade student has encountered or could possibly understand. The goal was simply to teach the students a mechanical procedure in the way one might program a computer.

In attempting to recast this lesson in a form that might be meaningful and even valuable to third grade students the challenge is how to make the concepts involved concrete. When a child thinks of a (whole) number she can imagine a basket of apples or a stack of pennies. When a child thinks of addition the child can think combining baskets of apples or stacks of pennies. But what interpretation can a young child give to an equation or a variable?

We start by considering how we might visualize a variable and an equation involving a variable in terms of some kind of more or less concrete object that would make sense to an eight year old. A variable is a kind of object, which can be assigned different values. An equation involving a variable is a statement which depending on the value we assign to the variable may be either true or false. We may thus think of an equation as a kind of question answering machine. This machine accepts a number, which is to be assigned as the “value” of the variable, and the machine answers the question: “Is the equation true when this value is assigned to the variable?” We can picture such a machine operating as in the following diagrams.

The machine has a part we have labeled the input where values are placed and a part called the output where answers are produced. We will call machines that produce an output when presented with an input, Input/Output Machines. When presented with an input value, the machine illustrated above, which we have labeled “3 × X = 12?” substitutes that value for the variable X in the equation 3 × X = 12, evaluates whether the resulting equation is true or false, and outputs the result. Thus when we enter the input “3,” the machine substitutes “3” for “X” in the equation “3 × X = 12,” resulting in the equation “3 × 3 = 12” which, when we substitute the value of 3 × 3 for “3 × 3,” gives the equation “9 = 12” which evaluates to “False” which is then output. Using this machine, we can restate the original problem as: “Find an input for the “3 × X = 12?” machine which causes this machine to output True.

While this machine may help students to visualize the meaning of an equation as a machine that outputs True or False, it seems questionable whether young students would understand the manipulations involved in substituting a value for a variable or substituting values for expressions as when we substitute “9” for “3 × 3.” Further it seems likely that the interpretation of an equation not as an assertion but as a predicate, i.e. an expression that may be “true” or “false” would be confusing to students. We can simplify the problem in two ways. First we can get rid of the equation by considering the following Input/Output machine.

Here we’ve replaced the equation, “3 × X = 12?,” by the expression “3 × X”. Like the equation machine, when presented with a value as input, this machine substitutes the value for the variable and evaluates the expression and outputs the value. The difference is that in this case the value of the expression is a number rather than “true” or “false.” For example, when presented with input “3”, this machine produces the value “9”. In terms of this machine we can restate our problem as “Find an input value which causes the ‘3 × X’ machine to output 12.”

While we have eliminated the need to interpret an equation as a predicate, it still requires the student to make sense out of the concept of a variable and the process of substituting into a symbolic expression and simplifying. So our final step in the reduction of the problem is to eliminate the use of the variable. After all, what does the “3 × X” machine do? It takes whatever input you present to it and multiplies by 3. We can describe this without using a variable. We simply call this the “Times 3” machine (or if you prefer the “Times by 3” or perhaps the “tripling” machine.)

Now our problem can be stated entirely in terms of the Times 3 machine: find a number which when input to the Times 3 machine produces output 12.

No doubt some would argue that in this formulation we have “watered down” the lesson precisely in that we have eliminated the use of a variable, the notion of an equation as a predicate, and the symbolic manipulation of expressions. Our counter to this has two elements. The first is that even if a typical third grader can be programmed to carry out these manipulations their meaning, justification, and value are totally beyond his capabilities. Put differently, if a student can make sense of variables, equations as predicates, and symbolic manipulation then she is actually ready to learn algebra “for real” and as far as we know no one is seriously proposing algebra as a standard for the third grade curriculum. Our second point is that, as we hope to make clear in the following discussion, we have replaced notions that are beyond the ken of a third grader with concepts and principles the student can understand and which are ultimately far more fundamental and important to the student’s mathematical development.

These concepts include that of a mathematical function and relations and operations on functions as represented here by an “input/output machine.” The significance of these concepts cannot be overstated and given their importance, time spent developing the student’s intuition about them is time well spent. For this purpose we need not be restricted to numeric or even mathematical machines.

We have experience with many examples of objects or systems that behave like input/output machines. A vending machine provides a good example. The input to the machine is money and the output is candy or whatever products the vending machine is vending. Real vending machines are a little more complicated than this of course because the input is usually the money plus an item selection, which we may make by pressing a button or pulling a knob. We could picture such a machine this way.

There is no problem to extending the notion of input/output machine to allow multiple inputs. There is also no problem allowing input/output machines to have more than one output. For example, we might have an additional output for change.

A factory is another example of a kind of input/output machine. The inputs are the raw materials and the outputs are the finished goods. The factory below takes cocoa and sugar as inputs and outputs chocolate bars.

Of course, an input/output machine needn’t be made of brick or metal. A person baking cupcakes can be thought of as an input/output machine. The inputs are the ingredients (flour and so on) and the output is a cupcake. A leaf can be thought of as an input/output machine that takes sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide and outputs sugar and oxygen. An animal can be thought of as an input/output machine that takes oxygen and sugar as input and outputs water and carbon dioxide. You can even think of yourself putting on your shoes and socks as an input/output machine. The input is you in bare feet, a pair of socks and a pair of shoes and the output is you with your socks and shoes on.

The really interesting and important thing about input/output machines is that sometimes you can take two or more input/output machines and connect them together to make a new kind of input/output machine. As an example, suppose I sell machines and I’ve got two kinds of machines. One is a cupcake-making machine that makes cupcakes from mix. The other is a chocolate frosting machine that takes whatever you give it, (dogs, cats, kids, bats, balls, cookies, fruit, whatever!) and puts chocolate frosting on it.

One day I get a call from someone who wants a special machine that makes chocolate frosted cupcakes. I say, “Well we have a machine that makes cupcakes and we have a machine that puts chocolate frosting on things but I don’t have a machine that makes a chocolate frosted cupcake. Maybe the chief machine maker (the CMM) can figure out a way to make one?” The CMM says, “No problem, we’ll take a cupcake maker and a chocolate froster and connect the output of the cupcake maker to the input of the chocolate froster and we’ll put the whole thing in a box and call it the Chocolate Frosted Cupcake Maker.”

So now I’m selling three machines: my cupcake maker, my chocolate froster, and my chocolate frosted cupcake maker. After a while I add a “Cherry Topping” machine to my product line. The cherry topper takes whatever you put in and puts a cherry on top.

Things are going along well and then one day I get a call from a customer who wants a machine that will make a chocolate frosted cupcake with a cherry on top. I don’t make one so I go to my chief machine designer. He says, “No problem” and designs a machine consisting of a chocolate frosted cupcake-making machine connected to a cherry-topping machine with a box around the whole thing. So the contraption looks like this.

The operation of connecting two input/output machines is also called composition, as in forming a “composite” or “compound”. As any mathematician will agree, composition is the most fundamental operation in mathematics. Composition is what allows us to build arbitrarily complex assemblies, concepts, and theories from simple components. It is also the basis of logical deduction: if A can be derived from B and C can be derived from B then C can be derived from A. Not surprisingly, the most fundamental principle of mathematics concerns composition. We can describe this principle using a dishwasher.

As illustrated below, our dishwasher is built out of three component machines: a washer, a rinser, and a dryer.

The dishwasher is a machine that takes dirty plates as input and produces clean dry plates as output. Looking inside the dishwasher we see that the dirty plate first enters a washer which produces a clean but soapy plate as output. The soapy dish then enters the “rinser” which produces the clean but wet plate as output and the wet plate is then put through the dryer that produces the final output: a clean dry plate.

There are a number of different ways of organizing the components of the dishwasher. One way is just to view them as three separate elements of the dishwasher. Another, illustrated below, is to associate the Rinser with the Washer and view the pair as forming a Washer-Rinser machine which is then connected to a dryer.

Another way of viewing the components is to associate the Rinser with the Dryer to form a Rinser-Dryer machine and connect the Washer to the Rinser-Dryer.

Now we ask the question: does the way we view the organization of the components:

  • A washer connected to a rinser connected to a dryer or
  • A washer-rinser connected to a dryer or
  • A washer connected to a rinser-dryer

make any difference to the behavior of the dishwasher? To answer this question, consider the behavior of the dishwasher from the point of view of the plate. No matter how we view the organization of the components, all the plate “sees” is that it first gets washed by the washer and then gets rinsed by the rinser and then get dried by the drier. So the results are the same. This is the most fundamental principle of mathematics. It is sometimes called the associative law of composition. It says that no matter how we associate the components in a composition of input/output machines, for example associating the rinser with the washer vs. associating the rinser with the dryer, the behavior of the composite machine is the same.

The associative principle might lead us to ask whether the order in which machines appear in a composition matters. The answer is a definite yes! Consider a composite made up of two clothing machines: One accepts a person as input and puts on underwear and the second takes a person and puts on outerwear. If we connect the machines in one order we get a machine that properly dresses a person with underwear underneath and outerwear outside. If we connect the machines in the opposite order then we get machine that puts our underwear over our outerwear. These machines are definitely not equivalent. So in general, when connecting machines the order matters!

The crucial concept for solving problems like the one in our lesson, is the concept of inversion which we will represent by an “Un-machine.” Let’s consider an example.
Billy and Sally like to send love notes to one another in class. Since they don’t want other people to read them, they use a secret code. The way the code works is that each letter in the message is replaced by the letter that comes after it in the alphabet. So, “A” is replaced by “B”, “B” is replaced by “C”, and so on. Of course, “Z” have a following letter so we replace it with “A.” To decode the message we do just the opposite: replace “B” with “A”, “C” with “B”, …, “Z” with “Y”, and finally “A” with “Z”. We can picture this process in terms of an “alphabet circle” as illustrated below. The coding process substitutes the next letter in the clockwise direction and the decoding process substitutes the next letter in the counter clockwise direction..

When Billy sends the message, he codes it using the coding method, and when Sally receives it, she decodes it using the decoding method. We can visualize this in terms of input/output machines as in the following diagram.

So, what is done by the coding machine is undone by the decoding machine, so if I feed the output of the Coding machine into the decoding machine I get my input back. Put another way, if I connect the coding machine to the decoding machine I get a machine that outputs exactly what you put into it. For example we put “I love you” in and we got “I love you” out. A machine whose output is always identical to the input in is called an Identity machine. A telephone provides another example of an identity machine.

When you speak into the phone, a part of the phone called the microphone takes the sound as input and produces an electrical signal as output. The electrical signals are then sent to the phone of the person you are talking to where another machine called a speaker takes the electrical signal as input and produces the same sound for the other person. Again we have an example of a machine, in this case the speaker, which undoes what another machine, the microphone, does so that when the two are connected we get an identity machine for sounds. We will call a machine which undoes what another machine does an unmachine for the first machine. Thus the decoder is an unmachine for the coder and the speaker is an unmachine for the microphone.

If we have an unmachine for a machine then we can answer questions of the form: “What was the input that produced this output?” by feeding the output into the unmachine. Consider the “Add 2” machine. You put a number in and it outputs the number + 2. So if you input 5, it will output 7, and if you input 12 it will output 14. Suppose the output is 23 and we want to find the input? We can solve this problem if we can find an Un-Add 2 machine. How do we undo adding 2? Let’s look at some examples where we know the input.

So when we input 3 to Un-Add 2 we get 1 and when we input 4 we get 2 and when we input 11 we get 9. After we look at enough examples or perhaps we see immediately because our teacher explained subtraction that way, we realize the way you undo adding 2 is to subtract 2. So the Un-Add 2 machine is the Subtract 2 machine and feeding 23 into the subtract 2 machine gives us the answer 21. After a few more problems we realize that the way you undo adding any number is by subtracting that number. In mathematical terms addition of a number and subtraction of that number are inverse operations. In the same way we can discover that division by a number is the unmachine for multiplication by the number and thus we can solve problems like the one we started with.

To make things more interesting let’s combine multiplication and addition. Suppose the result of multiplying some number by 6 and then adding 14 is 56. What is the number?

So our problem is how to undo “Times by 6 and then adding 14”. After computing the value of times by 6 and then adding 14 for some different input we realize that a times by 6 and add 14 machine can be built by connecting a “Times 6” to an “Add 14” machine.

Now we know that “Divide by 6” undoes “Times 6” and “Subtract 14” undoes “Add 14”. Is there some way we can use these unmachines to build an unmachine for the composite?
Let’s consider a more familiar example: a two stage “dressing machine.” As illustrated in the first diagram below, the first component puts on my underwear and the second component puts on my pants and shirt. The second diagram shows the Un-dressing machine. It has two components: one that undoes putting pants and shirt and the other undoes putting on underwear. But notice that the order of the unmachines is the reverse of the order of the machines. If the last thing you did getting dressed was to put on your pants and shirt then the first thing you do in getting undressed is to take off your pants and shirt.

This is a general principle that works for all input/output machines, arithmetical or otherwise. If un-A is an unmachine for A and un-B is an un-machine for B then un-B connected to un-A is the unmachine for A connected to B. This is illustrated in the diagram below. An input “x” enters the A-B machine where it is first passed through A which generates an output “a” and then “a” is passed through B to produce an output “b.” If we then feed “b” into Un-B-Un-A, “b” is first passed through Un-B which must give us “a” back, and then “a” is passed through Un-A which must give us “x” back

Thus to undo Times 6 and then Add 14 we first subtract 14, to undo adding 14, and then divide by 6 to undo multiplying by 6. Feeding 56 to this unmachine we have

Indeed, 7 × 6 + 14 = 42 + 14 = 56.

In this article we have barely scratched the surface of what can be explained at an elementary level using concepts based on the notion of machine. In addition to using these concepts to prepare students for more advanced areas like algebra they can be used to provide a much deeper understanding of the meaning and use of numbers and operations on numbers. We will explore these ideas in a future article.

Home Schooling Advantages Vs. Disadvantages

Home schooling is an option that is becoming more attractive to parents as time goes on. Schools have become increasingly unstable over the past couple of decades. Children roam the hallways unchecked, textbooks are outdated, violence is prevalent, children are bullied mercilessly, and the quality of education on the whole has greatly diminished.

What options do parents have to combat this downward spiral? Initially, private school was thought to be the answer. As enrollment in private schools soared many parents failed to see a difference between public and private schools. The problems were still the same.

The option of home schooling has been around for a long time; however, until recently it had not been so popular. The idea of home schooling seems like a cure-all to many parents due to the advantages this type of education provides over traditional schools. Children who are home schooled can avoid many of the problems schools have become known for. For one, the environment is less threatening. Children can learn without fearing other students, aggressive or nasty teachers, and be under the constant supervision of parents. In addition, home schooling allows parents to dictate the academic course of their children. Home schooling also allows students to proceed at their own speed. If a child is weak at multiplication and division, a parent can focus lessons on those skills in favor of another skill that the child might grasp rather easily.

Home schooling is also advantageous because it keeps children away from other students that may be corruptive forces. There are many students in school who do not value learning. This is not any fault of the schools; however, it is still a painful reality. These students can lead to the destruction of a stable learning environment. Home schooling keeps children focused on learning and not on avoiding social pressures.
It may sound like the perfect option, but there are many disadvantages of home schooling. First of all, home schooled children are usually less socialized. While schools can sometimes be the breeding ground for poor social behaviors, school is also a place where students learn to interact with others and build social skills. It seems a bit like a catch 22.

In addition, another drawback to home schooling could be implementation of an educational plan. Many parents are not qualified as teachers and may not understand what is necessary to ensure a child has access to the proper curriculum.

Finally, another disadvantage to home schooling is the necessity for parents to take full responsibility for their child’s education. If you choose to home school your child there is no one for you to blame if your child does poorly. The responsibility falls completely on the parent.

There are many advantages and disadvantages to home schooling. Before you begin a home schooling plan make sure you have evaluated your ability to properly instruct your child and provide a quality learning experience. If you do not think you can handle it, you might as well send your child to school but become more involved with his or her education.

Various Ways How a Personal Image Coach Can Help You Develop Your Personality

People make assumptions and judgements based on your appearance, attitudes and actions. All of us create an image either knowingly or unconsciously. Since your image is predominately visual, it is vital to hire a personal image coach who can work with you in developing an authentic and attractive personality so that you can be successful in your personal as well as your professional life.

Reasons Why You Require Image Specialists

For lasting personal, professional and social success, you should be able to manage five areas of your life. This includes your appearance, behaviour, language skills, inner image and reputation. All of these areas have to be developed because judgements are made on these vital aspects of life. In order to be your very best it is necessary to engage a personal image coach. He/she will make an effort to understand your physical, behavioural and psychological aspects and advise you on developing your personal and professional image. The coaching sessions are very useful as the expert prepares a report based on the personality traits including your strengths as well as your weaknesses. Accredited imageconsultants have the training required to help their clients attain an attractive personality and develop good communication skills so that you can project an effective personality and create a positive impression.

One-on-One Coaching

A personal image coach provides one-on-one coaching. Specialised image training was once considered corrective, but now, it is viewed as a necessary tool in order to gain advantage and hone your skills. When you opt for personal coaching you get highly personalised sessions which are goal-focussed. Moreover, you will feel more at ease and be able to discuss confidential issues which you may not do so in a group. Furthermore, you can be guided correctly and also get feedback in real-time. A personal coach will also be unbiased and objective in helping you. Additionally, since he is an expert in the field, he can facilitate learning and be a resource for you. Hence, personal coaching is vital to growth and development.

Building a Personal Brand Image

The clothes you wear, your body language and the way youpresent yourself speak much of your personality. People judge you on these and make conclusions based on these first impressions. Therefore, it is vital to develop these aspects with the help of a personal image coach. When you get trained by a professional you can develop a personal brand that brings out your attributes necessary for your success. With the help of your personal coach you can customise your requirements and priorities. The coach can help you assess your personal style and discuss wardrobe strategies. Hence, it is worth investing in an image makeover program.

Learn How to Repair Your Mistakes with Assistance from Image Consultants in Sydney

Success can be defined as a series of positive steps in your professional as well as personal lives. You may have worked hard to achieve certain goals in life but what happens when you make one mistake. If you are in the public eye this mistake could turn out to be costly. Social media and lightning fast communication techniques mean this news will travel fast and spread faster. How you repair this damage and come out unscathed from consequences of your actions is something an image consultant in Sydney could help you out with.

Accept Your Mistakes

When mistakes are made there is a high chance that your peers and colleagues might begin to question your other motives. Is your reasoning questionable? Are there other flaws in your personality that have not been uncovered yet?Everyone makes mistakes. It is your ability to come out of the issue that will enable you to continue and not be bogged down by the negativity created.Personal image consulting services reiterate that the first step is to accept your mistakes. When you do that you add a note of sincerity to your persona. It is easier to understand that and your peers will begin to accept that everyone is fallible. You can let your superiors know you understand the consequences of your actions and then move on from there.

Start the Reparation Procedure

The next step is to repair the damage occurred to your reputation. A simple ‘mistake’ could lead you to become ignored or even ridiculed in some cases. However you can and will be able to clean up your image and get your life back on track in time.You need to make the necessary changes to ensure there are no chances of mistakes occurring. Once you do that, ensure you are able to stick to them. A personal image coach says that performing your job exemplarily will help and so will your willingness to go out of your way to assist and aid others.

Saving Online Reputation

An online reputation is easier to save whencompared to the personal one. There are many effective reputation management programs offered by image consultants in Sydney that use social media and other personal communication methods to put any mistakes onto the backburner. These allow you to restore your reputation to its former glory through simple steps like continuing to do positively in your work sphere and making your achievements and the positive feedback from it known. It may take some amount of time but with perseverance it is possible

This article is written by an expert author who is working for Imagegroup. Imagegroup is providing Image Consultants Services and Personal Branding. For further information please click

How to Become an Elementary School Teacher

If you’ve thought about becoming a teacher, one of the most important decisions you may have to make is which level of teaching suits you the best. Elementary, secondary, and post-secondary teaching all have very different characteristics andrequirements, and shifting tracks once you get started would be likely to require that you go back to school. Therefore, your career path may be smoother if you choose carefully at the beginning, and focus your educational preparation accordingly.

Suppose you are interested in teaching very young children. In that case, you may want to be aware of the special characteristics that distinguish elementary school teachers, and how you would become an elementary school teacher yourself.

Distinguishing Characteristics of Elementary School Teachers

There are some characteristics that distinguish good teachers at all levels: a solid understanding of the subject matter; good communication skills, energy, creativity, leadership ability, and patience. But what are some of the particular characteristics that distinguishelementary school teachers?

In many ways, those characteristics can be defined by some of the special requirements of the job, such as:

  • A good base of generalist knowledge. Rather than specializing in a particular subject, elementary school teachers often teach a range of subjects to a given class or age group.
  • A fundamental understanding of child psychology. Elementary school children are just learning to learn, and teachers need to be able to perceive how different children are motivated, and what factors may be inhibiting some of them.
  • A basic knowledge of child development. Many learning disabilities are not spotted until a child is in elementary school, and the earlier a teacher can help identify special needs, the more can be done for the child.
  • Sensitivity to non-verbal cues. Small children have often not yet learned how to express themselves clearly, so a sensitivity to non-verbal signals can be the key to communication.
  • A tactful nature for dealing with parents. Parents are an especially important part of the learning experience at the elementary school level, and being able to communicate in a clear yet non-threatening way is a useful attribute.In addition to the above broad range of skills, there are specific educational credentials needed to become an elementary school teacher.Elementary School Teacher EducationAlthough requirements for elementary school teacher education vary from state to state, here are three common elements of most programs:A bachelor’s degree. This would include both a broad background in general studies and specific education in teaching-related subjects such as classroom techniques and child psychology.Student-teaching experience. Education degree programs commonly include arequirement for a student-teaching internship.State certification. Public schools in all 50 states require teachers to be licensed, with the license often specific to the age group being taught. Private schools are less likely to require licensure.Employment OutlookEmployment growth for teachers is expected to be about typical for the economy as a whole, but it is projected to be especially strong at the elementary school level. This occupation is less cyclical than most, so overall the job market is both promising and stable. Median income levels are above the national average.Teaching is not an occupation for someone looking to get rich. However, for the personally enriching experience of helping children get a good start along the educational path, it can be an ideal choice.

Greenwashing – Ethics Aside, It’s Just Bad Business

“Green” rhetoric is everywhere—political speeches, articles touting “green” initiatives by various cities and states, movies and television, and yes, ubiquitously in marketing and advertising. While a more environmentally conscious society is certainly desirable, the push of this rhetoric can be overwhelming and may even have the opposite effect: desensitization. In business, going green clearly offers potential benefits for your corporate culture, community relations, and, of course, the environment. But if your primary motive is profit—well, it’s far from a proven strategy. Further, if your company is perceived as “greenwashing”—talking the green talk in an effort to boost sales but not necessarily walking the green walk—your brand value, and ultimately your profits, may actually suffer.

An article in the April 30 issue of Advertising Age—”Going Green? Plant Deep Roots”—presents varying reasons why companies do not necessarily benefit from green campaigns and may lose money and damage their image for their efforts. Going green is “a perilous business,” the article warns, “especially for those whose actions aren’t as substantive as their ads.” It points out that perception concerns drove the low-key approach taken by Levi’s in the launch of its “Eco” organic cotton line—concerns validated by the backlash companies like General Electric and Wal-Mart have experienced when they’ve marketed their green-ness more aggressively. Clearly, one challenge of claiming “green” is that you invite criticism from those who will say you’re not “green enough” to make such claims.

But this actually parallels what Kolbrener has long preached about any sales or marketing claim. In seeking and evaluating a company’s brand attributes we always ask two crucial questions: What claims can you make that you never fail to deliver on? What claims can you make that your target audience will believe? In the first case, this isn’t just an ethical question—again and again companies that promise more than they can deliver end up undermining their brand value, damaging market perceptions and alienating the very audiences they hoped to win. Point blank, false or misleading messages almost always hurt your business, and they open the door to a public relations nightmare. If you’re tempted to claim that your product/service is environmentally friendly, but know that the claim is only partially true, nix the idea. We say the same about all claims, but honest advertising is particularly vital if you’re going green.
The second question is equally important—if a bit more complex. As General Electric has shown, doing and promoting good works doesn’t mean everyone will instantly believe in your goodness—and the promotion itself may draw more skeptics and critics than believers. There are plenty of reasons to move your company toward the green end of the spectrum; but from a marketing standpoint, you have to gauge your audience’s capacity for belief before you make decisions about promoting your green side. In many cases, as Levi’s showed, the key to avoiding a green backlash is to be subtle with green marketing and steer clear of broad claims and minute details that can easily be picked apart by anyone with access to the Internet.
Kolbrener probably scores pretty high on the Ethical Marketing meter, but we’re even more committed to providing clients with the most effective marketing and branding strategies that will deliver measurable results not only for short-term sales, but also for profit margins and long-term growth. If you’re green-curious, we’d love to talk about it. We absolutely cheer on any efforts to protect the environment. But in terms of green marketing, we take a more cautious approach. Greenclaiming is no magic bullet to stimulate sales—and the risk of backfire is real. Going green? Good for you. Greenwashing? We’ll be the first to tell you that it’s not even good for your bottom line.
Kolbrener branding agency increases marketing ROI for fast growth companies and organizations seeking a more evolved brand that engages customers, realizes value, and keeps its promise

Easy Homemade Pizza Recipes

Pizza is my soul food! I can eat pizza anytime of the day for 365 days. However, unlike some, I am not a pizza snob. Some say the pizza we get today is not authentic and that it’s all Americanized, but not me. I love both the Italian versions as well as the American cheesy pizzas. I personally have a whole list of my very own pizza recipes, but, today I am going to share with you all two of the easier ones. This pizza recipe can also double up as part of one’s easy snack recipes.

Farmers Vegetarian Pizza

Ingredients:

Pizza base

Pizza sauce or ketchup

Capsicum

Onions

Corn

Cheese

Italian seasoning

Method:

Deseed your capsicums and cut them into thin slices. Set aside.

Peel and chop your onion into for equal portions. Then cut of thin slices from each of the portion. Set aside.

Boil baby corn in water till it plumps up. Strain and set aside.

Grate as much cheese as you want into a bowl and set aside. (I prefer my pizza’s extra cheesy)

Once all your veggies are chopped and kept aside, lather some pizza sauce or ketchup on your pizza base using a butter knife.

Place your veggies in the following order on the pizza: Onions, capsicums, corn.

Top it up with cheese. Sprinkle some Italian seasoning on your pizza.

Now, you can either bake your pizza in a pan or in the oven.

For the oven: Line a baking tray with baking paper. Grease the paper with some butter. Place the pizza on the tray and bake for about 10-12 minutes at 150oF.For pan: Grease a non-stick pan with butter and place the pizza in it. Set it on low lame and for about 15-18 minutes. Cover with a lid.Serve warm.Tandoori Chicken PizzaIngredients:Pizza basePizza sauce orketchupCapsicumOnionsMushroomsCheeseItalian seasoningFor The Tandoori Chicken-Chicken breast (cubed)Red chilli powderTurmeric powderGinger-garlic pasteSaltMethod:Marinate the chicken breast with in ginger-garlic paste, red chilli powder, turmeric powder and salt 3 hours before you are going to prepare your pizza.After 3 hours, place the chicken pieces on a lined baking tray and bake them for 15-20 minutes at 120oF or you can grease a non stick pan with some oil and toss the pieces in the pan for a few minutes, or until it is cooked. Set aside.In the same pan, add a little bit of oil and let it heat on a slow flame. Cut washed mushrooms into thick slices and toss the in the pan. Sprinkle some salt over it. Once the mushrooms have let go of their water turn of the flame and transfer the mushrooms onto a plate. Set aside.Deseed your capsicums and cut them into thin slices. Set aside.Peel and chop your onion into for equal portions. Then cut of thin slices from each of the portion. Set aside.Once all your ingredients are ready apply pizza sauce or ketchup on your pizza .Top it up with all your ingredients including the cheese and seasoning.You can either bake your pizza in a pan or in the oven with the method mention above.Serve warm.I hope you love pizza recipes as much as loved sharing them with you. I will be back with

The Era of Online Education

The Internet has broken down language barriers, country boundaries, and learning methods. Today, learning at home is not only possible but highly advisable because the World Wide Web gives students resources that otherwise are not available as fast as the time it takes when a student turns on his or her personal computer.

The era of education online means that your ability to obtain higher education is just a mouse click away. Online education is one of the best options for those who want to get a degree and work at the same time. Within the past ten years, online education and internet training has provided many people with a new incentive to learn.

Online education includes a full spectrum of possibilities starting with early childhood education and including college preparation, or complete learning programs for obtaining a college degree. Online courses open a world of possibilities to people who for any given reason were unable to attend regular school programs, or those whose actual activities and limited time, made it hard to stick to a full-time learning schedule.

Online education is spreading across the globe like a wildfire fueled by textbooks and periodic tables. Millions who previously thought that a college degree was firmly out of their reach have discovered that all it takes to attend college in today’s world are the combination of a few free hours each day and access to the Internet.

Online Education Equals Big Business
Originally conceived as a way for adults to earn a college degree later in life than usual, online education or “distance learning” has spread to the point that people of all ages are now involved. Children as young as the fourth grade level now have access to online education in many areas, using it as a supplement to or in place of traditional classes.

With Online Education Everybody Wins

Part of the appeal to online education is that it is literally good for everyone. Educators can enter a new job market in writing and implementing an online curriculum and can use this income to supplement the earnings that receive from classroom education. Students of all ages have an alternative to traditional classes in which they can learn without the interference of other students’ behavioral interruptions. Adults who may have missed out on their high school diplomas or college degrees now have the opportunity, through online education, to complete or further their studies without the scheduling problems that may have made this impossible in the past. Finally, online education offers businesses the chance to educate their workforce at a lower cost and the benefit of a generation of computer literate and more highly educated prospective employees entering the job market.

However, online education is not limited to school subjects. Demand for adult education and online courses are some of the most widely available educational resources on the Internet, intended for developing specific skills. Cooking and baking courses, mechanical reparations, interior decoration, are just a few of those quick courses available online.

Another motivation encouraging online education includes foreign languages learning, or just for broadening your culture. Online options are as many as everyone’s need; degree programs, online education courses, training certificates and more, including accredited formal education.

Online education saves time, money, and offers opportunity to those who may have never had it in the past. It may truly be the wave of the future. Helping students to succeed in both education and career aspirations, online education is fast becoming a convenient, but credible educational tool of the modern era.

Merits and Demerits of Online Education

Students often find taking online classes to be much easier than attending regular classes at college campus. The merits of studying online often overshadow the demerits behind online education. If we look at different statistics then we will find that more students are pursuing online education for a number of reasons. The reasons  for the same  vary  greatly as students find receiving online education a more flexible option in case they are doing a job or having issues regarding  travelling. Online education programs have both merits and demerits that are discussed over here.MeritsThere are varieties of merits for students willing to get online education which include flexibility of education programs, cost saving and less commuting.

1.      Flexibility
Most of the colleges offer suitable, 24-hour access to courses for students that have the opportunity to study anytime they find free time. They facilitate students to complete their online courses while still continuing with other work and responsibilities. According to a study conducted by the University of Wisconsin, flexibility is considered as one of the top benefits of online classes.

2.      Cost
Cost for online degree programs might be similar to on campus counterparts but there are a number of other areas where there is an opportunity for students to save their money. These areas include expenses related to commuting, campus housing, food, etc. In addition to this, a lot of learning material is available in digital format such as online books which reduce the cost of physical reading material.

3.      Variety of other options
Online education opens door to variety of options for students as people who live in rural areas can get education by staying at the same location. With the help of online programs, they have access to a number of best universities without leaving their hometown.

Demerits

Despite having many merits, online education comes with certain demerits as well. These demerits include lack of options that one can avail while being enrolled at campus education programs.

1.      Motivation issues
Students, who are habitual of performing well under peer pressure often, find themselves less motivated towards completing their tasks and assignments on their own. Students also find it harder to get things done as they are not held accountable for deadlines and lectures of their courses.

2.      Few or no Hands-On training option
In case students are enrolled in such courses that require practical exposure then it would be difficult for them to get online education. E.g. nursing is one such field that requires clinical experience that cannot be achieved online.

Irrespective of the environment, online education demands a firm commitment of time, money and various other resources. Students who find it hard to study without interaction with their peers should think twice before getting enrolled in online courses.

Merits and Demerits of Online Education

 

Students often find taking online classes to be much easier than attending regular classes at college campus. The merits of studying online often overshadow the demerits behind online education. If we look at different statistics then we will find that more students are pursuing online education for a number of reasons. The reasons  for the same  vary  greatly as students find receiving online education a more flexible option in case they are doing a job or having issues regarding  travelling. Online education programs have both merits and demerits that are discussed over here.MeritsThere are varieties of merits for students willing to get online education which include flexibility of education programs, cost saving and less commuting.1.     FlexibilityMost of the colleges offer suitable, 24-hour access to courses for students that have the opportunity to study anytime they find free time. They facilitate students to complete their online courses while still continuing with other work and responsibilities. According to a study conducted by the University of Wisconsin, flexibility is considered as one of the top benefits of online classes.

 

  1. 2.      Cost

Cost for online degree programs might be similar to on campus counterparts but there are a number of other areas where there is an opportunity for students to save their money. These areas include expenses related to commuting, campus housing, food, etc. In addition to this, a lot of learning material is available in digital format such as online books which reduce the cost of physical reading material.

 

  1. 3.      Variety of other options

Online education opens door to variety of options for students as people who live in rural areas can get education by staying at the same location. With the help of online programs, they have access to a number of best universities without leaving their hometown.DemeritsDespite having many merits, online education comes with certain demerits as well. These demerits include lack of options that one can avail while being enrolled at campus education programs.

  1. 1.      Motivation issues

Students, who are habitual of performing well under peer pressure often, find themselves less motivated towards completing their tasks and assignments on their own. Students also find it harder to get things done as they are not held accountable for deadlines and lectures of their courses.

  1. 2.      Few or no Hands-On training optionIn case students are enrolled in such courses that require practical exposure then it would be difficult for them to get online education. E.g. nursing is one such field that requires clinical experience that cannot be achieved online.Irrespective of the environment,  demands a firm commitment of time, money and various other resources. Students who find it hard to study without interaction with their peers should think twice before getting enrolled in online courses.

The Era of Online Education

The Internet has broken down language barriers, country boundaries, and learning methods. Today, learning at home is not only possible but highly advisable because the World Wide Web gives students resources that otherwise are not available as fast as the time it takes when a student turns on his or her personal computer.

The era of education online means that your ability to obtain higher education is just a mouse click away. Online education is one of the best options for those who want to get a degree and work at the same time. Within the past ten years, online education and internet training has provided many people with a new incentive to learn.

Online education includes a full spectrum of possibilities starting with early childhoodeducation and including college preparation, or complete learning programs for obtaining a college degree. Online courses open a world of possibilities to people who for any given reason were unable to attend regular school programs, or those whose actual activities and limited time, made it hard to stick to a full-time learning schedule.

Online education is spreading across the globe like a wildfire fueled by textbooks and periodic tables. Millions who previously thought that a college degree was firmly out of their reach have discovered that all it takes to attend college in today’s world are the combination of a few free hours each day and access to the Internet.

Online Education Equals Big Business
Originally conceived as a way for adults to earn a college degree later in life than usual, online education or “distance learning” has spread to the point that people of all ages are now involved. Children as young as the fourth grade level now have access to online education in many areas, using it as a supplement to or in place of traditional classes.
With Online Education Everybody WinsPart of the appeal to online education is that it is literally good for everyone. Educators can enter a new job market in writing and implementing an online curriculum and can use this income to supplement the earnings that receive from classroom education. Students of all ages have an alternative to traditional classes in which they can learn without the interference of other students’ behavioral interruptions. Adults who may have missed out on their high school diplomas or college degrees now have the opportunity, through online education, to complete or further their studies without the scheduling problems that may have made this impossible in the past. Finally, online education offers businesses the chance to educate their workforce at a lower cost and the benefit of a generation of computer literate and more highly educated prospective employees entering the job market.
However, online education is not limited to school subjects. Demand for adult education and online courses are some of the most widely available educational resources on the Internet, intended for developing specific skills. Cooking and baking courses, mechanical reparations, interior decoration, are just a few of those quick courses available online.

Another motivation encouraging online education includes foreign languages learning, or just for broadening your culture. Online options are as many as everyone’s need; degree programs, online education courses, training certificates and more, including accreditedformal education.

Online education saves time, money, and offers opportunity to those who may have never had it in the past. It may truly be the wave of the future. Helping students to succeed in botheducation and career aspirations, online education is fast becoming a convenient, but credible educational tool of the modern era.

Get the Largest Collection of Indian Images for Your Business

As we know that our India is a very beautiful country where you can find every religions, customs, traditions, concepts, beliefs etc as here exists every kind of person. Every customs of India is really unique & magical therefore here available Indian image bank where you can get every kind of image with high resolution. When you are looking for photographs then you can find numerous types that related to numerous industries like festivals, educations, occasions, health & fitness, every kind of food, families, culture, lifestyle, art & craft, business and urban culture, tradition and many more. Nowadays, eye catching stock photos are used in many kinds of advertising to attract the customers towards them to raise the sales of products. The photos are playing a crucial role everywhere, like if you have any article or blog about your services then if you used images on that then definitely clients attract towards your blog because images say thousands of words.

The High Resolution Indian Stock Images are introduced by many companies, now it’s up to you who you choose for the best images & yes if any company wants little bit more money from you then choose them because they absolutely give you quality pictures. So, if you are searching online purchasing images, then you can get many types of firms who served these images for a long time. You can also get free images from search engine, but those images also have size issue and no any guarantee of quality. The Indian image bazaar is present here where everyone can choose their images according to their services or products as those pictures are very attractive, so the clients easily appealing towards your services with these fabulous Indian stock images. The exact size of an image is also matter most because if your web page optimized the pictures perfectly, then of course your business grows day by day and your products become more popular.

Usually, business either small or big needs time to time promotion to expand, their products and services are no longer sold until they don’t use any latest technique. Some persons have had habit to check out the first page of search engine for finding images, therefore I suggest then inspect few pages more for better options. You can get images according to your needs as many websites provide one image in lots of sizes so where you can pick the best image with desirable size. Apart from hiring a professional photographer or conducting own photo shoots, it’s better for you to buy the stock images from the agencies who providing pictures with offers. Where can I buy images online? If you have a requirement of perfect photos for your business then start now exploring companies, but now I suggest you one company named as visuals stock where you can buy Indian stock images at very cheap prices. So, firstly check out the website of this company then takes any decision regarding stock images.

Elementary School Speeches Are About New Beginnings

Elementary school graduation speeches should reflect the age of the students. For that reason they should be short, have a touch of humour and be very easy to understand.

Elementary School speeches need to have the personal touch. They should refer to events and happenings during the school life of the students in question. It might be about a trip abroad or about an important volleyball match they played.  If the speaker is a teacher he or she should speak of adventures shared together over their time at that Elementary School.

Obviously such speeches should include a welcome to the parents of the children graduating.  They should be light-hearted in tone because after all you are celebrating. The students should be told that the celebration is for and about them. You should mention how proud their school is of them and how you know they will be a credit to you whatever new school they attend.

Elementary School speeches should reflect the fact that young children believe that wonderful things can happen. They should encourage them to believe in their hopes and dreams. They should speak of working hard to make those dreams come true.

Such children might also be a little apprehensive about the future, about leaving friends behind as they move on. Such speeches should be reassuring and comforting painting a picture of what is going to happen when they go on to their new school. Thespeeches should clarify the fact that there will be someone there to guide them and show them the ropes.

Teachers often have a great bond with elementarystudents and their Elementary School speechesshould reflect this fact. The students should know that they can always go back to their old school for advice or guidance because someone who has known you as a child will know your capabilities and understand your worries. They should be always made to feel that they will be welcome back to their Elementary School.   In fact you can make them laugh when you tell them they might even come visiting when they become President.

Above all, Elementary graduation speeches should paint pictures.  You might compare their move to that of someone at a certain stage in a race or to an actor who has a certain  part in a play where he/she have yet to learn their lines and moves.  Elementary School speechesshould end with a blessing or good luck wish.

Homeschooling and it’s Advantage

Homeschooling is really an intensifying movement about the country and the entire world, during which moms and dads choose to educate their little ones in the home rather than transmitting the crooks to a conventional open or even individual school. Individuals choose homeschooling for many different causes, such as discontentment using the instructional available options, diverse non secular morals or even instructional philosophies, as well as the fact that little ones aren’t growing inside conventional school framework.

The homeschooling movement commenced rising within the 1970s, whenever some popular authors as well as experts, for instance David Holt as well as Dorothy as well as Raymond Moore, started talking about instructional change, that they encouraged homeschooling as a substitute instructional alternative. Using the Nationwide Home Schooling Analysis Start, these days there are over two thousand little ones becoming homeschooled within U.S., using the percent rapidly growing by 7 % to 15 % every year. Homeschooling is actually appropriate in all of the 50 says as well as in most unusual countries.

Do you know the prerequisites?

Legitimate prerequisites for homeschooling within U.S., changes from place to place. A number of says possess handful of or even simply no prerequisites; other folks obtain account testimonials or even standardized tests on selected time intervals.

As outlined by Holt, creator on the best-selling book Train your own personal, it is important moms and dads ought for homeschooling their little ones is actually “to just like them, appreciate their organization, their actual occurrence, their energy, foolishness, as well as love. They must appreciate all their speak as well as concerns, and enjoy equally trying to answer individuals concerns. Inches For the majority associated with moms and dads whom home school, the only real requirement is the wish for this, and also devotion for the instructional method.

Home school materials is usually high-priced, affordable or even free. Take care to never invest a lot you can’t modify training course when you remember to prepare money. You can understand as well as producing modifications. Make the most of most of these chances to be lent materials as well as to find some good free provides straight up to your residence school.Multiple Matters

  • Animals & Animals
  • Computing
  • Health & Security
  • Home school-Specific
  • Internet Site Web hosting service
  • Language Disciplines
  • Math, economics, journalism
  • Science
  • Social Reports

Materials for residence educational institutions:

This site possesses internet areas for actual materials, curriculum as well as provides. Have the homeschooling as well as instructional for a lesser amount of. You might mail away for. Free of charge stuff that’s available on-line is actually under the relevant web site in other places with A to Z Home’s Cool. Utilize the website list or even website internet search engine proceeding to uncover free internet methods.

Video Marketing Production Can Help Boost Your Business Online Presence

Content plays a big part of marketing and promotions. But if you will only depend on written content, there is a big chance that you will be left behind. It is a given fact that content with images or perfectly created web pages are great marketing tools. But, it is still better if you can provide your audience with a video production that would educate them more about your product, service or brand.

Going Viral Through Video Productions

Viral videos are videos that have been spread ultra fast all over the Internet. If a video has been seen by millions of viewers within 24 hours or less, then that is considered a viral video. That may sound a bit crazy, but that really happens.

With a video production posted online about your brand, you can easily market your business and spread your message all over the world. The importance of video as a marketing tool is simply something that you cannot overlook.

Finding the Right Service Provider

One of the first things that you need to do if you want to incorporate video productions into your marketing strategies is to look for a reputable video marketing company. This could be an easy task if you know what you need to look for.

There are several websites out there that offer video marketing services and you need to find one that has a good reputation. By searching for video marketing Manchester, you will be able to find the agencies that are headquartered near you.

In your search, it would be a good idea to compare their services and rates. That way, you will be able to select the one that offer high quality service for the cost that your business can afford.

Understanding the Popularity of Online Video Marketing

The popularity of videos being used for marketing is not surprising. Statistics showed that around 75 percent of online users watch videos weekly and half of these people even watch daily.

The good news is that these numbers are expected to grow in the coming years. This simply means that if you start searching for video production Manchester now, chances are your business will have global recognition in no time.

It is important to keep in mind that when hiring a video marketing agency, you should always be ready to cooperate with them. Since it is your business that they will be doing videos on, you should supply the needed information and materials.

Strategies To Help Reduce Elementary School Classroom Noise

Children can be noisy. While noise may simply be a part of working with children, a noisy classroom environment can be disruptive. Excess noise can also negatively impact the learning environment For these reasons; teachers should take steps to reduce the amount of student noise especially in elementary classrooms. Here are some classroom management techniques that can help to reduce the level of student noise in an elementary schoolclassroom.

One of the best ways to reduce noise in your classroom is to set a positive example for your students. If you as a teacher are loud or shout often in your classroom, you are showing your students by example that noise is acceptable. If you doubt that this is so, try speaking to your students in a calm and quiet voice. You will surely notice a difference in the noise levels in your classroom.

Another way to reduce the noise level in your classroom is to have a “quiet” signal. This signal can be used to quiet down students when necessary instead of shouting at the children to be quiet. Your signal may be holding a book above your head or making a sign with your hand. When your students observe the sign, they should sit down and be quiet. You can reward students who are quick to respond to the signal which will help to reinforce the importance of the concept.

Some classroom noise can be attributed to noisy classroom furniture. Chairs that squeak or wobble or loud desk hinges can not only create noise, but these things can be very distracting for some students. A good way to reduce chair noise is to cut an X in a tennis ball and put the ball over the bottom of the desk chair leg. You can also cover the desk legs too if you move your classroom furniture frequently during lessons.

Noise levels can also become loud when your students are traveling from the classroom to other areas of the building. In order to keep noise levels low during these times, you can keep your students busy by asking them to walk on one of the lines in the floor tiles with their hands down straight at their sides. Your students will be busy concentrating on walking on the line and will not be thinking about chatting with friends.

Another time when noise levels can become unacceptable is after students finish their seat work. Some students will finish early and other students may still be finishing up their work. Students who have finished early may be tempted to talk during these times. One way to reduce noise levels during these times is to have a quiet time activity options available. Perhaps students can read a book brought from home or they can listen quietly to their iPods. Other students may want to color from coloring pages.

Of course, it does take some time and effort to change student behavior. Students who have been used to a loud classroom may need verbal reminders as well as positive reinforcement. It may require diligence to enforce classroom quiet rules. Over time, you will notice a big difference in the noise levels that exist in your classroom.

Reduction in noise levels will mean that students are better able to concentrate on theirschool work. Lower noise levels also can reduce stress levels and create a positive atmosphere which can benefit for teachers and students.

The New Face of Indian Education System: E- Learning

The Indian education system has been penetrated by certain new infrastructures and tools and the reason behind this is technology. Such has been the impact of technology in not only the education sector, but other sectors as well that we may today look around and witness how things have changed since around 10 years back. This change happening in the education sector is killing the gap that has existed all these years thus bringing the teachers and students more and more closer.

The frequent use of new technology gadgets and tools by the children has contributed massively to the adoption of these technological enhancements into the school curriculum. The Learning Management System today has developed by leaps leading to a more organized and disciplined learning pedagogy. The use of the new tools and modules is definitely a game changer in the education space and arena.

The digital classroom is a new culture that has contributed to the e-learning phenomenon making way for Online Education Courses. These classrooms are facilitated not only with online learning modules but also virtual laboratories and real-time teaching methods that bring the student at a distant place closer to the teacher living miles away. E-learning programs like Extramarks are one of the millions of other programs which provide an advanced and developed learning environment that encourages the child to learn, practise and test themselves on their own. This unique phenomenon, known as the 360 degree learning program is the ultimate solution to the K-12 education for the learners. Programs like Extramarks not only provides the perfect environment to the students to study but also necessary career counselling, guidelines and question papers to help them assess themselves. Ranging from ICSE Sample Papers to CBSE sample papers, all of them are included in the package leaving no stone unturned in the efforts of providing the best e-learning program to the learning child.With an increase in the number of registered users of the online program not only within India but even across the national borders, the productivity and creation of more and more such programs is in the pipeline. Vigorous progress in the education sector is a boon for the nation and this progress has been highly boosted by the rise and initiative in the e-learning sector. The more, companies like Extramarks emerge in the industrial sector, the more people get access to different forms of learning and knowledge gaining and this automatically has a positive influence on the economy of the nation along with literacy improvement as well.

Tips For Submitting A Medicare Set-Aside To CMS

By: Gregory Lisowski, J.D., MSCC of MSA Services, LLC

Submitting a Medicare set-aside to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for approval can be a very thorny process.  CMS is extremely particular on how they want the proposal submitted for review.  Failure to follow their required procedure closely can result in significant delays or even rejection of the submission.  Thankfully, CMS has issued some guidance in the form of policy memorandums to help a submitter successfully navigate the minefield that is the Medicare set-aside review process.  These memorandums are very specific about what information and documentation must be included in the MSA submission. It is extremely important for a submitter to include all the necessary information and documentation in the manner that is required.

A submission must always include medical records from all treating physicians for the last two years of treatment for the subject injury.  Please note that the last two calendar years is not necessarily the same as the last two years of treatment.  It should also be pointed out that CMS requires the treatment records even if the carrier has not paid for the treatment.  If it is questionable whether the treatment is related to the injury, it is recommended that you send those records along with an explanation as to why you feel they are unrelated.  It is also important to make sure the last treatment date referenced in the life care plan, carrier letter or payment history is accompanied by a record that matches that date. You are always free to send in whatever documentation you believe is necessary and helpful, however, the initial report of injury, records relating to major surgeries, and medical records for the last two years of treatment for the work injury are the only medical records CMS requires.You are also required to provide recently-dated pharmacy printouts or statements from all treating physicians that specify the medication, strength/dosage and frequency. If you believe the medications the claimant is taking are not related to the injury, send the medication information along with any explanation you believe is necessary. It is also best to include documentation from the treating physician as to why the medication is not related to the subject injury.  If the claimant has used more than one pharmacy or has had more than one treating/prescribing physician, make sure all sources have been tapped for the information.The submission must also include a payment history from the workers’ compensation insurance carrier that includes all medical, indemnity and expenses paid for at least the last two years.  The payment history must be dated within the six month period prior to submission and include the payment date, payee, date of service and amount.The submission should include a cover letter, called the “submitter letter”, that specifies the gross total settlement amount as a single lifetime number. If annuities are involved, use the lifetime payout amounts in the total instead of annuity purchase price and include the annuity rate sheet to support your calculation. Include in the total all attorney fees, proposed set-aside amounts for medical services and/or prescription drugs, settlement payments of past medical expenses/liens, amounts for non-Medicare medicals, settlement payment of any Medicare conditional payments, amounts of previous settlements, any third party liability settlements, and amounts of any waived or forgiven liens/expenses at settlement. Making references to attachments without stating the actual settlement amount will generally result in a development request.The submitter letter must also state the proposed lifetime, not the annual set-aside amount and should clearly show how much of that is for medical services and how much is for prescription drugs.  Make sure the proposed medical expenses plus the proposed prescription drug expenses add up to the total proposed amount.  If annuities are proposed for the MSA, use lifetime payout amounts instead of annuity purchase prices, and include the amount of the proposed seed money/initial deposit.If you intend on using a rated age to support a reduced life expectancy, you must calculate the median rated age for all quotes received.  The submission must also include the following language: “Our organization certifies that all rated ages we have obtained and/or have knowledge of regarding the claimant, and generated at any time on or after the Date of Incident for the alleged accident/illness/injury/incident at issue, have been included as part of this submission of a proposed amount for a Workers’ Compensation Medicare Set-Aside Arrangement (WCMSA) to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.” CMS will not accept any variation or substitute wording.If you receive a post-submission development letter from CMS that requests further information, it is important make sure each item in the request is addressed timely, especially the items printed in all caps. The submitter should not resubmit prior documents unless it is confirmed that they were not received. If you are unsure what is needed, call the Workers’ Compensation Review Center (WCRC) to see if what you are sending will be sufficient.  Failure to provide the requested information within thirty days of the development letter will generally result in the WCRC closing their file.  Insufficient replies received after the closeout letter has been issued are generally not acknowledged due to resource limitations.  It is strongly recommended that you call the WCRC two to three weeks after sending information to make sure your additional documentation was received and is sufficient.Getting a Medicare set-aside through the CMS review process can be a difficult task.  Hopefully, incorporating the foregoing tips will help your submission get through the CMS review process more smoothly.If you have any questions about this topic or need assistance with a Medicare set-aside submission you can contact Gregory F. Lisowski, J.D., MSCC at (203) 437-7140 or glisowski@msaservicesllc.com.

The Benefits of Using VoIP Technology for Video Conferencing

With Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology, it has become possible for businesses to make phone calls over internet. VoIP telephony converts a regular broadband connection into a way to make free phone calls anywhere in the world.

How it is done?

VoIP phones convert analog phone calls into packets of data and transmit this data over the internet just like any other type of data such as email. This technology can be used to call both landlines and mobile phones. Right from low costs to easy installation, VoIP phones offer several unique advantages that make this technology highly useful for businesses from all around the world.

VoIP Telephony and Video Conferencing

One of the most important benefits of using VoIP technology is that it enables video conferencing. The employees can attend business meetings and even speak to clients using VoIP telephony. This makes it easier for businesses to share knowledge and can go a long way when it comes to ensuring that the businesses continue to function smoothly and in a hassle-free way.

In today’s highly competitive business environment, most businesses are looking to cut down on their operational costs. Video conferencing facilitates a virtual visual meeting environment between two or more participants. In many cases, video conferencing can effectively replace in-person meetings too. With video conferencing, a business can significantly reduce its travelling and accommodation costs.

In many business situations, a regular phone call fails to serve the desired purpose. Video conferencing, on the other hand, can be much more effective. With it, a message can be delivered much more effectively. Moreover, video conferencing makes it easier for employees to collaborate and establish meaningful work relationships. This can go a long way when it comes to enhancing their productivity and efficiency. Ultimately, this plays a vital role in the growth of your business.
In many business organizations, video conferencing has replaced in-person business trips. As it allows employees to have face-to-face communication without leaving the office, the business can greatly reduce its expenses.

There are several other advantages of using VoIP technology for video conferencing. The information and knowledge can be shared in less time. Be it data, presentation or any other media, everything can be shared in real time with video conferencing. Research also suggests that with video conferencing the meetings are shorter and more effective. Since the employees are able to see each other’s facial expressions, the conversations are more productive.

All in all, VoIP technology can provide a huge competitive edge to a business. By reducing operational costs, VoIP technology can have a positive impact on the profitability of the business. Grandstream IP phones are one of the most popular types of IP phones used in the business world.

These IP phones can be used by large as well as small businesses. Equipped with smart features, Grandstream IP phones can greatly enhance the productivity of employees and make your business more efficient. Moreover, they can provide competitive advantage to a business and make it easier for it to outperform its competitors.

Hello world!

Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start writing!

Entering the world of image consulting

Students all over the world now have one more career option to explore – personal image consulting. However, given that it is a fairly new field, there are always questions about how one should go about learning the trade and then setting up a business. Here are a few pointers:

Training

While a formal training isn’t mandatory in order to become a Personal Image Coach, it is definitely of great value. Training is also very beneficial if you want to get certified. Before you train under a professional though, you need to ask yourself if you have a flair for fashion, hair styling and make up. This is important as it is required for you to be successful in this field. If you are absolutely sure that you would like to become an image consultant, find a supporting course at your college. Psychology, merchandising, fashion design, communication and beauty etc. are all course that you will benefit immensely from as an image consultant. You can also look to work as an apprentice with an already established image consultant. This will help you get a feel for the business.

Getting certified

Getting a certification is a big bonus if you have decided to become a Personal Image Coach. The Association of Image Consultants International (AICI) offers a 3 level certification that covers everything that you will need to know to be a successful image consultant. It is also advisable to locate and connect with the local chapter of the AICI. They conduct meetings and workshops at regular intervals that are very beneficial, especially for beginners.

Build your business

Once you are certified to offer your own Personal Image Consulting Services, you need to focus on how you can build your business into a successful one. Some consultants start out by working as personal shoppers in apparel stores while others may choose to start gathering a client database by organizing workshops and seminars etc. Either way is good path. You will just need to determine which one works best for you.

Update yourself – constantlyIf you want to become a successful image consultant, Sydney makes it very easy for you. The city offers access to everything that you need in order to be up to date with the current fashion, styles etc. Constantly reading current industry publications is also a big help. AICI also makes sure that you stay up to date with the current trends. They make it mandatory for you to complete all their continuing education programs in order to keep your certification.

Social Media in Business’ Customer Management

Businesses will always seek avenues where they can effectively brand their promotional tools and marketing weapons so that people will patronize their products and services. Aside from the traditional media such as print, television, and radio, they are seeking and researching as to how they can benefit from social media, which is the in thing in today’s society. Aside from the promotions and marketing team of a business, there is also one of the many advancements in the technology that is the recent trend in the social media era nowadays. in the form of text mining social media will be explored through the many posts, status updates, tweets, hashtags and trending topics and the computer processing languages developed by software engineers will be able to read through the data that these social media postings is about.

By using text mining social media can be a pool where potential advertisers and business starters can know what the consumers want in this recent period. By doing this, they will be able to know what the consumers like or hate about the product, therefore they can improve their marketing weapons in order to stay away from what the consumers hate and continue to strengthen the campaigns that people like to see. This is really important because feedback is crucial to the development and success of one business. This is also important, even the public relations of a political campaign. Aside from that, by using these techniques to improve businesses or companies’ social media presence, they will know the trends that the society wants to see. They will know how people react based on mining the texts in the opinions they make that they post in social media.

Aside from that, businesses, companies, and public relations team of aspiring political candidates can know what makes their audiences happy or sad. It will also determine why the audience feels violently about a certain topic. By analyzing the texts found through tweets and status updates, they can provide strategies so that they will be able to influence their consumers to change their minds by employing the right strategies.

This in the form of CRM, which is the customer’s relation management. By using social media analysis for CRM, businesses and companies will be able to engage in an actual conversation with their consumers and be able to discuss the issues that the consumers want to discuss about their particular product or services. By managing customers relationship, they will understand why their products become an issue to some consumers. In that way they can improve the aspect that needs to be resolved because it has issues.
This social media analysis for CRM will be very helpful in terms of getting more customers to be buying their products over and over again. By getting appropriate customer relations management by using social media platforms, they can get an online reputation that is good therefore more consumers will be want to getting their products since they can be reachable when issues come up. Through customer service, people will be able to get the support they want from the businesses they want support from. Customer relations management in social media can be done through making fan pages, twitter accounts, making discussions and forums that can help reach their target markets.

Free Online Education

Did you know there is actually a difference in finding a free online education and going through a free online class or course?
Well, there is. With a free online education you are actually going to take on the entire process of whatever subject you are training for. While taking free online courses usually only consist of one or two concepts of the subject.
For instance if you find a free online class or two on computers, it may teach you the fundamentals to say take one apart and put it back together, while learning the different parts.
However, if you find a free online education on computers, not only would you learn to say take it apart and put it back together, but you would learn the different parts of the computer, what their use is, why they are used, and different areas of the computer as a whole. I never thought of it like that until I looked up a few for myself. A free online class or course is totally different than a free online education. It’s the same thing with many of the subjects you might be looking for.

In a big way a free online class teaches you basics, whereas the free online education goes into a deeper depth of learning and capacity of the subject, allowing you to branch thatsubject off into other areas of learning.

Finding free online education isn’t impossible either so don’t think that it is. You simply need to know what it is you are looking for and do a search, although you will probably get several results if you try to use free online education a long with the subject you have in mind such as culinary perhaps, this is what you would do your search on for better results.
Something like free online culinary educations in those terms or by using similar wording. There are many free online educations available through many colleges that allow you to study and learn at your own rate of pace as well.
If you are wanting something even more specific and you can’t find it exactly, sometimes you can contact different colleges or universities online and find out if they offer the free online education on what ever thesubject may be, one never knows until they ask.
Depending on what state you live in you may also be able to go through a vocational school or college or some type by using a free online education and never even set foot in a classroom. There are a lot of people who would like nothing better than to learn a different trade but they just don’t have the time to go back to school, by using a free online education program of some kind they have the opportunity to learn or enhance a new skill or trade, while maintaining their jobs or whatever else is going on their lives, by simply working on their education online. This is a big help for many people.

Various Benefits of Early Childhood Education

The value and importance of education in the life of a person can never be undermined. It acts as a guiding force which enlightens the human mind. Your happiness and pleasure can well be determined with the degree of education. Without education, nothing will be possible in this world. Human life requires many things, but education is a gemstone which gives you happy and prosperous life. To speak in other words, education builds confidence, cohesiveness and community.

If your child gets proper education, he/she will be able to know your surroundings as well as rules and regulations of the society. Through proper implementation of education your child will realize his own potential and qualities. In addition, your child will be exempted from the influence of the mundane world. Ultimately, your child will be able to capture the reins of knowledge. Schooling  has  direct  effects  on  children’s  educational  achievement, their acquisition of literacy,  numeracy  and  scientific  knowledge. Early learning helps children to be confident and curious about the world. It also helps them do better when they go to school. Research shows that children who are involved in quality early childhood education (ECE) benefit in many ways.Early childhood education Benefits:
•It prepares child to face and manage challenges and to stick at it when things get difficult.
•It focuses on all-round development of personality.•It prepares your child to be a life-long learner.
•It builds children’s language skills and help them to love books and reading.
•It helps to develop children’s imaginations and creativity through painting, dancing, making music, etc.
•It helps children to understand maths concepts through application of puzzles, number play, and counting games.
•It develops creativity within your child.
•It supports children to learn about maths and science concepts.

Considering the value and importance of education, many kids schools in India, are engaged in providing quality education with a view to develop children’s all round personal development. They have implemented various educational programs, including art and craft, games, study, and many more things. For development of children’s mindset in a positive manner   incorporated various activities and programs for the children. Many renowned schools have also incorporated some genuine programs and courses for the overall growth and development of the children with a view to prepare them for making them an idea citizen of their own country.Early learning helps children to be confident and curious about the world. It also helps them do better when they go to school.

Homeschooling and it’s Advantage

Homeschooling is really an intensifying movement about the country and the entire world, during which moms and dads choose to educate their little ones in the home rather than transmitting the crooks to a conventional open or even individual school. Individuals choose homeschooling for many different causes, such as discontentment using the instructional available options, diverse non secular morals or even instructional philosophies, as well as the fact that little ones aren’t growing inside conventional school framework.

The homeschooling movement commenced rising within the 1970s, whenever some popular authors as well as experts, for instance David Holt as well as Dorothy as well as Raymond Moore, started talking about instructional change, that they encouraged homeschooling as a substitute instructional alternative. Using the Nationwide Home Schooling Analysis Start, these days there are over two thousand little ones becoming homeschooled within U.S., using the percent rapidly growing by 7 % to 15 % every year. Homeschooling is actually appropriate in all of the 50 says as well as in most unusual countries.

Do you know the prerequisites?

Legitimate prerequisites for homeschooling within U.S., changes from place to place. A number of says possess handful of or even simply no prerequisites; other folks obtain account testimonials or even standardized tests on selected time intervals.

As outlined by Holt, creator on the best-selling book Train your own personal, it is important moms and dads ought for homeschooling their little ones is actually “to just like them, appreciate their organization, their actual occurrence, their energy, foolishness, as well as love. They must appreciate all their speak as well as concerns, and enjoy equally trying to answer individuals concerns. Inches For the majority associated with moms and dads whom home school, the only real requirement is the wish for this, and also devotion for the instructional method.

Home school materials is usually high-priced, affordable or even free. Take care to never invest a lot you can’t modify training course when you remember to prepare money. You can understand as well as producing modifications. Make the most of most of these chances to be lent materials as well as to find some good free provides straight up to your residence school.

  • Multiple Matters
  • Animals & Animals
  • Computing
  • Health & Security
  • Home school-Specific
  • Internet Site Web hosting service
  • Language Disciplines
  • Math, economics, journalism
  • Science
  • Social Reports

Materials for residence educational institutions:

This site possesses internet areas for actual materials, curriculum as well as provides. Have the homeschooling as well as instructional for a lesser amount of. You might mail away for. Free of charge stuff that’s available on-line is actually under the relevant web site in other places with A to Z Home’s Cool. Utilize the website list or even website internet search engine proceeding to uncover free internet methods.

Does a Car Affect a Man’s Image

Men tend to ask whether a car that has undergone a mobile auto detailing in Raleigh, NC will be able to impress women or not. Well, the answer is generally “yes.” There is some degree of good impression for women of a man with a car. In fact, it makes one look good also in the eyes of other men, more so if the car is well-maintained and is not being sought after by repo-men. So, why are women somehow impressed by a man with a car? Here are a few possibilities:

One of the factors why a woman can be impressed by the vehicle is the aesthetics of it. One example would be how the vehicle looks. It is going to be very impressive if the vehicle is clean, inside and out at all times. Thus, a lot of car owners bring their vehicles to auto centers that render car detailing in Raleigh, NC. There is a big difference between a regular car wash and car detailing. Car washes are done through regular washing and use of a specialized car shampoo. While for car detailing, it entails more than car washing. They clean from the inside out and even use a specialized car wax to give the body the shine you want. This service makes it look like your car is fresh from the showroom.

Aside from the external appearance, there are numerous other factors that impress a woman. Let’s take some interior elements into consideration. The seats for instance. During winter season, it is advisable to have heated seats. These come in standard from some newer models, and these are an added point. Also, majority of women do not want their ear drums to suffer. Hence, it is advisable to lower the bass of your vehicle’s sound system. They will appreciate great music just listening to it normally.

 

Women also notice the wheels and the rims of the vehicles at times. Most women prefer clean wheels rather than the ones covered in brake dust. Additionally, they like cars with lots of power. They love the low rumble of a muscle car or a vintage car. Nonetheless a clean car that just underwent a mobile auto detailing in Raleigh, NC is still going to be a chick magnet.

There are a lot of stereotypes of people based on what they drive. If you drive a Porsche, BWM or a Mercedes Benz, they would think that you are a loaded type of guy. A study conducted by the University of Wales Institute in Cardiff made a strong case about the vehicle you drive and how it can help get the attention of a lot of women. In a nutshell, women of various ages were shown two sets of images. One was a decent looking man driving a Bentley while the other was a good looking man driving a ford fiesta. Close to 60% chose the man driving a Bentley.

The fact that women chose the man driving a Bentley only shows the following: it is not the car that is desirable for women, it is what it represents. It shows how financially stable the man is; it signifies security, luxury, stability which are key traits women find desirable from a man.

 

Another study was done by Temple University. It shows how men identify themselves with the vehicles that they drive and how it also influences their identity. This goes to show that one does two things. It’s either a good or a bad thing. For example, if you identify yourself with your high-end import car that has been equipped with a turbo or air filters that raise the RPM of your vehicle, you tend to drive more aggressively and get more tickets from over-speeding. On the contrary, driving luxury vehicles can actually raise your self-esteem. It will make you be more confident around people. This will also influence you to seek other people who share the same interests as you are.In conclusion, it can be great to drive cars that really look great in the eyes of people like luxury or sports cars, but what’s more important is a clean and well-maintained car. There are a lot of business that cater to car detailing in Raleigh NC, and these businesses will make sure that your vehicle looks its greatest every time.

Early child education – what is so important?

People have their own thoughts and preferences about the importance of early child education. It has been noted that children enrolled in early education programs benefit by receiving formal education before attending primary schools. Children enrolled in these programs are well-behaved and have higher IQ scores than their peers without formal pre-school education. Many parents and teachers have also noticed that kids enrolled in these programs learn quicker than other children who didn’t get pre-education.

Education specialists believe that young children learn best when they are not pushed too hard. With early education, they have the opportunity to interact with their peers while their parents and teachers treat them kindly. Likewise, they are keener to get involved in educational activities when they have to do so for a small portion of their days. This is true for kids enrolled in pre-school programs as it is not good for them to be separated from their parents for extended period of time. Also, children do not benefit from a program managed by inexperienced teachers or when made a part of a bigger classroom size.

Early child education Singapore is important and beneficial in many ways – better social skills, less or absolutely no need for special education instruction during subsequent school years.  Additionally, they get better grades and pay more attention to what they are taught. Children with formal education in early years have fewer behavioral problems and they usually graduate from high school, attend college and go for higher education.Early education doesn’t only help normal kids for their higher education but it is also of great benefit for children with disabilities. Kids having learning problems or any kind of disabilities benefit immensely from early education. Children taught how to speak a second language during their early years also in the better position to get hold on the other language.When it comes to parents, they do not feel that government should determine whether children should be propelled to receive formal pre-school education. This is because many parents take this responsibility themselves to educate their children before sending them to schools for further formal education. Children taught by their parents or guardian have the same benefit as children enrolled in preschool programs.Differences in opinion can be expected, but the important thing is the early child education Singapore. It is all about ensuring complete development of kids – physical, mental, behavioral and social. Only early education can help children forming base for higher

Elementary School Speeches Are About New Beginnings


Elementary school graduation speeches should reflect the age of the students. For that reason they should be short, have a touch of humour and be very easy to understand.

Elementary School speeches need to have the personal touch. They should refer to events and happenings during the school life of the students in question. It might be about a trip abroad or about an important volleyball match they played.  If the speaker is a teacher he or she should speak of adventures shared together over their time at that Elementary School.

Obviously such speeches should include a welcome to the parents of the children graduating.  They should be light-hearted in tone because after all you are celebrating. The students should be told that the celebration is for and about them. You should mention how proud their school is of them and how you know they will be a credit to you whatever new school they attend.

Elementary School speeches should reflect the fact that young children believe that wonderful things can happen. They should encourage them to believe in their hopes and dreams. They should speak of working hard to make those dreams come true.Such children might also be a little apprehensive about the future, about leaving friends behind as they move on. Such speeches should be reassuring and comforting painting a picture of what is going to happen when they go on to their new school. The speeches should clarify the fact that there will be someone there to guide them and show them the ropes.Teachers often have a great bond with elementary students and their Elementary School speeches should reflect this fact. The students should know that they can always go back to their old school for advice or guidance because someone who has known you as a child will know your capabilities and understand your worries. They should be always made to feel that they will be welcome back to their Elementary School.   In fact you can make them laugh when you tell them they might even come visiting when they become President.Above all, Elementary graduation speeches should paint pictures.  You might compare their move to that of someone at a certain stage in a race or to an actor who has a certain  part in a play where he/she have yet to learn their lines and moves.  Elementary School speeches should end with a blessing or good luck wish.

The Differences in Different Masonic Lodges Aside from Lodge Regalia

Although Freemasonry is one massive organization, it also covers a multitude of Lodges and chapters that sets distinct differences between their own and the rest of the Masonic groups around them. To the outsider, they see the entire Masonic organization as a single entity. To those within the group however, they understand that although they share the same Masonic roots, there are also things that separate each lodge from the others.Some of their beliefs, for example, could vary. In fact, there are Masonic groups that only allow Christians in, while there are those that accept people with different religious backgrounds, for as long as they believe that all glory goes back to a single creator, whether this creator is called God, the Great Architect or something else within that context. Of course, it also follows that the lodges within these groups follow the same beliefs as well.Some practices are also different per lodge. There are lodges that are stricter and more secretive than the others, limiting their association to people within the organization. On the other hand, there are lodges that are open with their beliefs and have no qualms about sharing their opinions to the rest of the world.Some are more liberal, while some prove to be very conservative. Some have a number of fun things like out of town weekends for the members and their wives, while some stick to the usual members-only meetings in their respective lodges.These differences continue all the way down to their choice of regalia. Although a lot of the symbols remain the same, there are different styles used for lodge regalia to differentiate one from the other. Because of these differences, any Mason has to make sure that they are purchasing their lodge regalia from a supplier that understands these differences.Check with your specific lodge what kind of regalia they use. This will allow you to be aligned with the rest of the group when it’s time for you to get your own lodge regalia. Of course, it is also advisable for your lodge to have an official masonic regalia supplier so that you can promote consistency among members. Should you choose to veer away from the supplier that makes the rest of your lodge’s regalia, then make sure that they will be able to craft the regalia perfectly. After all, the kind of regalia that you wear symbolizes your membership in the specific lodge, and not just in Freemasonry as a whole. This means that the moment your regalia turns out to be different than the rest of your brothers, then it is almost as if you have lost your distinct identity that makes you a part of a single unit.

Using The Concept Of “machine” To Teach Algebraic Concepts To Elementary School Students

The ideas presented in this article came about as a response to a perfectly awful third grade text book lesson which my wife was forced to present when she was student teaching. The lesson was intended (I suppose) as an introduction to algebraic concepts.

Without any motivation or other rationale, the text introduced a problem:

If 3 × X = 12 what is X?

This was followed by a description of the standard algebraic procedure for solving the problem:

  • Divide both sides of the equation by three;
  • “Cancel” the “3”s on the left hand side;
  • Divide 12 by 3;
  • Conclude that X = 4.

This procedure was described by a sequence of diagrams, each showing the next step in the transformation. The authors of the text were clearly under no illusion that a typical or even advanced third grader would understand the meaning and justification behind an algebraic derivation. The level of abstraction required to understand the concept of variable, the meaning of an equation, the idea that equations are assertions which can be transformed to logically equivalent assertions and the strategy for deriving a solution is light years beyond anything a normal third grade student has encountered or could possibly understand. The goal was simply to teach the students a mechanical procedure in the way one might program a computer.

In attempting to recast this lesson in a form that might be meaningful and even valuable to third grade students the challenge is how to make the concepts involved concrete. When a child thinks of a (whole) number she can imagine a basket of apples or a stack of pennies. When a child thinks of addition the child can think combining baskets of apples or stacks of pennies. But what interpretation can a young child give to an equation or a variable?

We start by considering how we might visualize a variable and an equation involving a variable in terms of some kind of more or less concrete object that would make sense to an eight year old. A variable is a kind of object, which can be assigned different values. An equation involving a variable is a statement which depending on the value we assign to the variable may be either true or false. We may thus think of an equation as a kind of question answering machine. This machine accepts a number, which is to be assigned as the “value” of the variable, and the machine answers the question: “Is the equation true when this value is assigned to the variable?” We can picture such a machine operating as in the following diagrams.

The machine has a part we have labeled the input where values are placed and a part called the output where answers are produced. We will call machines that produce an output when presented with an input, Input/Output Machines. When presented with an input value, the machine illustrated above, which we have labeled “3 × X = 12?” substitutes that value for the variable X in the equation 3 × X = 12, evaluates whether the resulting equation is true or false, and outputs the result. Thus when we enter the input “3,” the machine substitutes “3” for “X” in the equation “3 × X = 12,” resulting in the equation “3 × 3 = 12” which, when we substitute the value of 3 × 3 for “3 × 3,” gives the equation “9 = 12” which evaluates to “False” which is then output. Using this machine, we can restate the original problem as: “Find an input for the “3 × X = 12?” machine which causes this machine to output True.

While this machine may help students to visualize the meaning of an equation as a machine that outputs True or False, it seems questionable whether young students would understand the manipulations involved in substituting a value for a variable or substituting values for expressions as when we substitute “9” for “3 × 3.” Further it seems likely that the interpretation of an equation not as an assertion but as a predicate, i.e. an expression that may be “true” or “false” would be confusing to students. We can simplify the problem in two ways. First we can get rid of the equation by considering the following Input/Output machine.

Here we’ve replaced the equation, “3 × X = 12?,” by the expression “3 × X”. Like the equation machine, when presented with a value as input, this machine substitutes the value for the variable and evaluates the expression and outputs the value. The difference is that in this case the value of the expression is a number rather than “true” or “false.” For example, when presented with input “3”, this machine produces the value “9”. In terms of this machine we can restate our problem as “Find an input value which causes the ‘3 × X’ machine to output 12.”

While we have eliminated the need to interpret an equation as a predicate, it still requires the student to make sense out of the concept of a variable and the process of substituting into a symbolic expression and simplifying. So our final step in the reduction of the problem is to eliminate the use of the variable. After all, what does the “3 × X” machine do? It takes whatever input you present to it and multiplies by 3. We can describe this without using a variable. We simply call this the “Times 3” machine (or if you prefer the “Times by 3” or perhaps the “tripling” machine.)

Now our problem can be stated entirely in terms of the Times 3 machine: find a number which when input to the Times 3 machine produces output 12.

No doubt some would argue that in this formulation we have “watered down” the lesson precisely in that we have eliminated the use of a variable, the notion of an equation as a predicate, and the symbolic manipulation of expressions. Our counter to this has two elements. The first is that even if a typical third grader can be programmed to carry out these manipulations their meaning, justification, and value are totally beyond his capabilities. Put differently, if a student can make sense of variables, equations as predicates, and symbolic manipulation then she is actually ready to learn algebra “for real” and as far as we know no one is seriously proposing algebra as a standard for the third grade curriculum. Our second point is that, as we hope to make clear in the following discussion, we have replaced notions that are beyond the ken of a third grader with concepts and principles the student can understand and which are ultimately far more fundamental and important to the student’s mathematical development.

These concepts include that of a mathematical function and relations and operations on functions as represented here by an “input/output machine.” The significance of these concepts cannot be overstated and given their importance, time spent developing the student’s intuition about them is time well spent. For this purpose we need not be restricted to numeric or even mathematical machines.

We have experience with many examples of objects or systems that behave like input/output machines. A vending machine provides a good example. The input to the machine is money and the output is candy or whatever products the vending machine is vending. Real vending machines are a little more complicated than this of course because the input is usually the money plus an item selection, which we may make by pressing a button or pulling a knob. We could picture such a machine this way.

There is no problem to extending the notion of input/output machine to allow multiple inputs. There is also no problem allowing input/output machines to have more than one output. For example, we might have an additional output for change.

A factory is another example of a kind of input/output machine. The inputs are the raw materials and the outputs are the finished goods. The factory below takes cocoa and sugar as inputs and outputs chocolate bars.

Of course, an input/output machine needn’t be made of brick or metal. A person baking cupcakes can be thought of as an input/output machine. The inputs are the ingredients (flour and so on) and the output is a cupcake. A leaf can be thought of as an input/output machine that takes sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide and outputs sugar and oxygen. An animal can be thought of as an input/output machine that takes oxygen and sugar as input and outputs water and carbon dioxide. You can even think of yourself putting on your shoes and socks as an input/output machine. The input is you in bare feet, a pair of socks and a pair of shoes and the output is you with your socks and shoes on.

The really interesting and important thing about input/output machines is that sometimes you can take two or more input/output machines and connect them together to make a new kind of input/output machine. As an example, suppose I sell machines and I’ve got two kinds of machines. One is a cupcake-making machine that makes cupcakes from mix. The other is a chocolate frosting machine that takes whatever you give it, (dogs, cats, kids, bats, balls, cookies, fruit, whatever!) and puts chocolate frosting on it.

One day I get a call from someone who wants a special machine that makes chocolate frosted cupcakes. I say, “Well we have a machine that makes cupcakes and we have a machine that puts chocolate frosting on things but I don’t have a machine that makes a chocolate frosted cupcake. Maybe the chief machine maker (the CMM) can figure out a way to make one?” The CMM says, “No problem, we’ll take a cupcake maker and a chocolate froster and connect the output of the cupcake maker to the input of the chocolate froster and we’ll put the whole thing in a box and call it the Chocolate Frosted Cupcake Maker.”

So now I’m selling three machines: my cupcake maker, my chocolate froster, and my chocolate frosted cupcake maker. After a while I add a “Cherry Topping” machine to my product line. The cherry topper takes whatever you put in and puts a cherry on top.

Things are going along well and then one day I get a call from a customer who wants a machine that will make a chocolate frosted cupcake with a cherry on top. I don’t make one so I go to my chief machine designer. He says, “No problem” and designs a machine consisting of a chocolate frosted cupcake-making machine connected to a cherry-topping machine with a box around the whole thing. So the contraption looks like this.

The operation of connecting two input/output machines is also called composition, as in forming a “composite” or “compound”. As any mathematician will agree, composition is the most fundamental operation in mathematics. Composition is what allows us to build arbitrarily complex assemblies, concepts, and theories from simple components. It is also the basis of logical deduction: if A can be derived from B and C can be derived from B then C can be derived from A. Not surprisingly, the most fundamental principle of mathematics concerns composition. We can describe this principle using a dishwasher.

As illustrated below, our dishwasher is built out of three component machines: a washer, a rinser, and a dryer.

The dishwasher is a machine that takes dirty plates as input and produces clean dry plates as output. Looking inside the dishwasher we see that the dirty plate first enters a washer which produces a clean but soapy plate as output. The soapy dish then enters the “rinser” which produces the clean but wet plate as output and the wet plate is then put through the dryer that produces the final output: a clean dry plate.

There are a number of different ways of organizing the components of the dishwasher. One way is just to view them as three separate elements of the dishwasher. Another, illustrated below, is to associate the Rinser with the Washer and view the pair as forming a Washer-Rinser machine which is then connected to a dryer.

Another way of viewing the components is to associate the Rinser with the Dryer to form a Rinser-Dryer machine and connect the Washer to the Rinser-Dryer.

Now we ask the question: does the way we view the organization of the components:

  • A washer connected to a rinser connected to a dryer or
  • A washer-rinser connected to a dryer or
  • A washer connected to a rinser-dryer

make any difference to the behavior of the dishwasher? To answer this question, consider the behavior of the dishwasher from the point of view of the plate. No matter how we view the organization of the components, all the plate “sees” is that it first gets washed by the washer and then gets rinsed by the rinser and then get dried by the drier. So the results are the same. This is the most fundamental principle of mathematics. It is sometimes called the associative law of composition. It says that no matter how we associate the components in a composition of input/output machines, for example associating the rinser with the washer vs. associating the rinser with the dryer, the behavior of the composite machine is the same.

The associative principle might lead us to ask whether the order in which machines appear in a composition matters. The answer is a definite yes! Consider a composite made up of two clothing machines: One accepts a person as input and puts on underwear and the second takes a person and puts on outerwear. If we connect the machines in one order we get a machine that properly dresses a person with underwear underneath and outerwear outside. If we connect the machines in the opposite order then we get machine that puts our underwear over our outerwear. These machines are definitely not equivalent. So in general, when connecting machines the order matters!

The crucial concept for solving problems like the one in our lesson, is the concept of inversion which we will represent by an “Un-machine.” Let’s consider an example.
Billy and Sally like to send love notes to one another in class. Since they don’t want other people to read them, they use a secret code. The way the code works is that each letter in the message is replaced by the letter that comes after it in the alphabet. So, “A” is replaced by “B”, “B” is replaced by “C”, and so on. Of course, “Z” have a following letter so we replace it with “A.” To decode the message we do just the opposite: replace “B” with “A”, “C” with “B”, …, “Z” with “Y”, and finally “A” with “Z”. We can picture this process in terms of an “alphabet circle” as illustrated below. The coding process substitutes the next letter in the clockwise direction and the decoding process substitutes the next letter in the counter clockwise direction..

When Billy sends the message, he codes it using the coding method, and when Sally receives it, she decodes it using the decoding method. We can visualize this in terms of input/output machines as in the following diagram.


So, what is done by the coding machine is undone by the decoding machine, so if I feed the output of the Coding machine into the decoding machine I get my input back. Put another way, if I connect the coding machine to the decoding machine I get a machine that outputs exactly what you put into it. For example we put “I love you” in and we got “I love you” out. A machine whose output is always identical to the input in is called an Identity machine. A telephone provides another example of an identity machine.

When you speak into the phone, a part of the phone called the microphone takes the sound as input and produces an electrical signal as output. The electrical signals are then sent to the phone of the person you are talking to where another machine called a speaker takes the electrical signal as input and produces the same sound for the other person. Again we have an example of a machine, in this case the speaker, which undoes what another machine, the microphone, does so that when the two are connected we get an identity machine for sounds. We will call a machine which undoes what another machine does an unmachine for the first machine. Thus the decoder is an unmachine for the coder and the speaker is an unmachine for the microphone.

If we have an unmachine for a machine then we can answer questions of the form: “What was the input that produced this output?” by feeding the output into the unmachine. Consider the “Add 2” machine. You put a number in and it outputs the number + 2. So if you input 5, it will output 7, and if you input 12 it will output 14. Suppose the output is 23 and we want to find the input? We can solve this problem if we can find an Un-Add 2 machine. How do we undo adding 2? Let’s look at some examples where we know the input.

So when we input 3 to Un-Add 2 we get 1 and when we input 4 we get 2 and when we input 11 we get 9. After we look at enough examples or perhaps we see immediately because our teacher explained subtraction that way, we realize the way you undo adding 2 is to subtract 2. So the Un-Add 2 machine is the Subtract 2 machine and feeding 23 into the subtract 2 machine gives us the answer 21. After a few more problems we realize that the way you undo adding any number is by subtracting that number. In mathematical terms addition of a number and subtraction of that number are inverse operations. In the same way we can discover that division by a number is the unmachine for multiplication by the number and thus we can solve problems like the one we started with.

To make things more interesting let’s combine multiplication and addition. Suppose the result of multiplying some number by 6 and then adding 14 is 56. What is the number?

So our problem is how to undo “Times by 6 and then adding 14”. After computing the value of times by 6 and then adding 14 for some different input we realize that a times by 6 and add 14 machine can be built by connecting a “Times 6” to an “Add 14” machine.

Now we know that “Divide by 6” undoes “Times 6” and “Subtract 14” undoes “Add 14”. Is there some way we can use these unmachines to build an unmachine for the composite?
Let’s consider a more familiar example: a two stage “dressing machine.” As illustrated in the first diagram below, the first component puts on my underwear and the second component puts on my pants and shirt. The second diagram shows the Un-dressing machine. It has two components: one that undoes putting pants and shirt and the other undoes putting on underwear. But notice that the order of the unmachines is the reverse of the order of the machines. If the last thing you did getting dressed was to put on your pants and shirt then the first thing you do in getting undressed is to take off your pants and shirt.

This is a general principle that works for all input/output machines, arithmetical or otherwise. If un-A is an unmachine for A and un-B is an un-machine for B then un-B connected to un-A is the unmachine for A connected to B. This is illustrated in the diagram below. An input “x” enters the A-B machine where it is first passed through A which generates an output “a” and then “a” is passed through B to produce an output “b.” If we then feed “b” into Un-B-Un-A, “b” is first passed through Un-B which must give us “a” back, and then “a” is passed through Un-A which must give us “x” back

Thus to undo Times 6 and then Add 14 we first subtract 14, to undo adding 14, and then divide by 6 to undo multiplying by 6. Feeding 56 to this unmachine we have

Indeed, 7 × 6 + 14 = 42 + 14 = 56.

In this article we have barely scratched the surface of what can be explained at an elementary level using concepts based on the notion of machine. In addition to using these concepts to prepare students for more advanced areas like algebra they can be used to provide a much deeper understanding of the meaning and use of numbers and operations on numbers. We will explore these ideas in a future article.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education

Getting an online education has become a very popular technique these days. Whether you are looking for a high school diploma or a graduate degree or some specialized certification to supplement your existing knowledge, it is very convenient to obtain these without having to take time off from your schedule to attend a regular educational institution.
There are many advantages associated with online study. Some are given below:
Unlike traditional learning, distance learning can offer you greater flexibility, as you don’t have to waste time- and money- commuting to the campus and you can choose a program that truly suits your interests or professional needs, because you are not confined to the classes that are offered locally.
Another advantage to distance learning is the fact that you can continue to work, because you don’t have to worry about fitting your classes around your job schedule.
Online programs often cost less than their traditional counterparts, so you can save money on tuition, if you pursue your degree through an online university.
Online study is also a great option for those students with physical handicaps, which may prevent them from traveling to a traditional campus. Likewise, if you are shy, or perhaps even language-challenged, participating in an online course may be the perfect alternative to a live class.
There are some major advantages to online education, including the ability to set your own study time. You may be looking for a promotion or career change that requires additional training or you may simply be ready to learn something new. But with today’s busy lifestyle, there’s little time to devote to regularly scheduled class time. That’s where online education can be a great asset for a motivated person.
Although there are many advantages of an online education, there are also somedisadvantages. The fact that you are working on your own could very well be one of the majordisadvantages of taking online educational classes.
Another major disadvantage is the lack of interaction. You aren’t in a classroom and don’t have the opportunity to hear questions and discussion from other students. This isn’t always an issue, depending on the subject of the online education course you are taking, but it could be an important factor in deciding whether an online education is the best option when seeking out opportunities for learning new skills or gaining new training.

But above all the disadvantages the online education is gaining more esteem than traditional education.

MBA Distance education, MBA online course

If business management is poor and inefficient, then a business cannot run very smoothly. A good manager in an organisation can create a very harmonious work environment where employees strive together to make the best possible use of the resources available to deliver the product in the time allocated.

Without a leader who can go beyond the traditional methods of work the business cannot strive for long. However, for becoming a better educated manager one just cannot afford to quit the job and sit at home to study. A MBA distance education in such cases is a boon to such individuals who have the zeal to learn even while working full time in their professions.

Different aspects of MBA distance education

1. Requirement of a MBA Distance education-

The scenario of the modern business and industry is such that it puts a lot of emphasize and importance on extra skills in an individual. A professional qualification like MBA online course is much appreciated by today’s employers. The work and nature of the business in this modern day world is diverse and global.

Hence, for better delivery of work, productivity and better organisational skills, individuals are encouraged to increase their skill set beyond their daily organisational contributions.
Due to globalisation we can see small scaled business and industries growing almost everywhere we see. The global nature of this business requires timely deliverables, quality mantainence and a harmonious and disciplined workforce catering to the universal customers.For catering to the universal consumers, the people working behind the business must also have a global mindset. Hence, there arises the need of a leader or a manager having deep knowledge about the global market.
2. Special feature of a distance education MBA –
Being a specialised course the MBA program only focuses on different areas of business administration only. They teach methodologies followed by the pioneers in this field in the local as well as in the global industry. People undergoing distance MBA education gets an insight to take decisions in the business, learn ways to market and promote products on the international scenario and to target the real consumer for the product.

3. Employability and MBA-

The practice of studying while working is appreciated by every employer all over the world. An individual who takes part in an online MBA distance program is much more preferred than one who is not because it proves his motivational level. It also shows the zeal to learn new things for a better skill set. Hence employability opportunities increase in leaps and bounds for the individual undergoing such programs.

Not only does learning and updating oneself help one grow but also helps contribute into the company one is working at. It gives recognition and a great career growth when done with the right spirit and mindset.

Developing A Homeschooling Curriculum

If you’ve got simply created the choice to home school your kid then your next important step should be to find and develop your homeschooling course of study. There are variety totallydifferent of various} homeschooling curriculums on the market every with different designs. Several oldsters evaluate over one course of study and combine them to develop a course of study they feel is well matched for his or her child’s learning style. It should take it slow to switch a certain homeschooling course of study, however this is often fine as a result of if you’re getting to home school for the future than having a well suited curriculum is incredibly important. Conjointly because the parents become responded to the modification of the homeschooling course of study becomes easier.

The different types of curriculum sometimes are available in one in every of two varieties, fullpackages or partial packages. For parents who feel there kid desires strict structure to findout than they might purchase an entire package. The plain advantage to those packages is it’ll define each program, as well as faith, and reporting procedure that the parent is legally responsible for. The foremost disadvantage would be that the value is incredibly high and there’s no guarantee that the program is well matched for the kid. Parents that have homeschooled for a short time, sometimes try and mix some partial packages into an entire package over time. This permits them time to determine their child’s learning vogue, further as their own teaching vogue, whereas they need the flexibleness to combine and match programs from totally different homeschooling curriculums into one they’re comfortable using.Great thanks to begin to develop a course of study for your kid are to get course of study guides. There are several terribly careful outlines of virtually each program obtainable. These guides define every program with potential upsides and disadvantages for everyone. It’s the parent’s responsibility to make your mind up that program from that course of study can work best for his or her kid. The advantage of developing a course of study this way is that the price savings additionally as having input on the design within which your kid can learn. The disadvantage is that the parent should remember of necessities the wants the necessities their jurisdiction puts on homeschooling and it’s their responsibility these requirements are met. Additionally in following this combine and match system the parents are also responsible for decisive the reportage procedure which could not forever be as clear once programs are fused along from multiple homeschooling curriculums.

So once parents have decided to home school their kid, they need an awfully necessary call to make. Developing a homeschooling curriculum that may keep their child’s attention and stimulate learning is imperative if parents expect to be successful.

Free Online Education

Did you know there is actually a difference in finding a free online education and going through a free online class or course?

Well, there is. With a free online education you are actually going to take on the entire process of whatever subject you are training for. While taking free online courses usually only consist of one or two concepts of the subject.

For instance if you find a free online class or two on computers, it may teach you the fundamentals to say take one apart and put it back together, while learning the different parts.

However, if you find a free online education on computers, not only would you learn to say take it apart and put it back together, but you would learn the different parts of the computer, what their use is, why they are used, and different areas of the computer as a whole. I never thought of it like that until I looked up a few for myself. A free online class or course is totally different than a free online education. It’s the same thing with many of the subjects you might be looking for.

In a big way a free online class teaches you basics, whereas the free online education goes into a deeper depth of learning and capacity of the subject, allowing you to branch that subject off into other areas of learning.

Finding free online education isn’t impossible either so don’t think that it is. You simply need to know what it is you are looking for and do a search, although you will probably get several results if you try to use free online education a long with the subject you have in mind such as culinary perhaps, this is what you would do your search on for better results.
Something like free online culinary educations in those terms or by using similar wording. There are many free online educations available through many colleges that allow you to study and learn at your own rate of pace as well.

If you are wanting something even more specific and you can’t find it exactly, sometimes you can contact different colleges or universities online and find out if they offer the free online education on what ever the subject may be, one never knows until they ask.

Depending on what state you live in you may also be able to go through a vocational school or college or some type by using a free online education and never even set foot in a classroom. There are a lot of people who would like nothing better than to learn a different trade but they just don’t have the time to go back to school, by using a free online education program of some kind they have the opportunity to learn or enhance a new skill or trade, while maintaining their jobs or whatever else is going on their lives, by simply working on their education online. This is a big help for many people.

Why Hire PDES for Image Editing Outsourcing Services?

Nobody wants to look at the images which are dull and the images with a messy background. When we talk about fashion photography, jewelry photography or any other such kind of photography, then it is very necessary to ensure that the final outcome of a photograph is attractive and efficient. Jewelry photo retouching services have become very popular with all the jewelers so that they can attract a huge clientele.

The services of Image editing services are the process of the alteration of an image so that a person can get the desired results of the quality of an image. This process can differ as per the actual quality of an image and the output which can be reached.  The image editing is not only limited to digital photographs; this process can also be easily carried to analog photos also.  Images editing services are actually important on analog images and digital photographs so that the quality of the pictures get improved and they can be preserved for a longer time, the editing services also include the Image cutout services.

By looking at an image, a person can easily see that what is good and what is bad in an image. In most of the cases, pictures are captured in an unprofessional way and they fail to satisfy a person. You will see that in some cases, the color contrast is not good, sometimes other unwanted things also come in the frame of a picture; this is where Image background removal services prove very helpful.

There are also other ways which allow us to edit pictures so that they come in an improved and new look. The whole process of image editing services is for the purpose of providing a new life to a picture.

The image editing services include a long process which includes different services so that one can provide new life to images, the services include:

  • Color Masking
  • Soft Masking
  • Color correction
  • Removing excessive things in the frame
  • Clipping path

The services mentioned above, can do wonders to images and provide them a new life.  Each of the services provides the option to improve the quality of an image.  One thing which you should make sure while looking for image editing service is that you should also hire a professional to do this job for you, professionals who are experienced and efficient in image editing are the best choice as they can put a new life in dull images.

Extramarks, Pioneers in online Education •

Extramarks is one of the leading online educators with a keen eye on overall process of teaching. Their holistic approach includes emphasising comprehensive concepts, practice of basic concepts through educational software and participate in various online tests. This kind of 360 degree approach towards learning is highly beneficial to all students, especially the skilfully developed Online Maths Tests help students with a variety of problems.

They have a carefully and systematically developed study system in place for both CBSE and ICSC board students’ right from pre-primary classes to class XII. Many prestigious schools are partners of the study system of and smart modules of Extramarks. The teaching pattern of this online learning system is divided into three main parts.

Learn

Extramarks provide an exclusive new-age learning atmosphere backed by smart modules, designed by educational experts using most modern digital technology. For younger children, these modules are designed based on real life situations and case studies, which are easier for them to understand. In case of higher classes, they follow a step by step approach of learning from simple to complex concepts. Their unique teaching methodology also includes mentor involvement, scheduler, study groups and notes to enhance a student’s learning experience.

Practice

The practice section provided through diverse interactive and interesting ways are intended to instil the concepts thoroughly in the learner’s mind. Besides practice makes the theory perfectly understood, it also boosts the clarity of concepts via interesting exercises and games. Their practice sessions include interactive games and puzzles for small children and various crosswords or memory matches for others. Thinking skill exercises are intended to brainstorm real life applications of key concepts learned. The virtual labs help students by recreating the highly complex principals and theories in an effortlessly understandable way. These practice sessions also include chapter wise question & answer sessions, test papers of boards and summative exam papers of previous years.

Tests

In order to evaluate how you have learned and understood, Extramarks provides numerous test tools for students. These test series are usually given in a hierarchical order, starting from easy to complex stage. A progress feature is provided after evaluating your tests, which gives you or your mentor a clear idea of your performance so far. Based on these tests and progress level evaluation, you can identify the topic that interests you most and this can help you in your Career Selection.

Hence, Extramarks establishes a strong learning atmosphere online with a holistic approach towards learning, practice and evaluation of students at different levels. If you wish to follow a systematic approach of learning the subjects with a deep understanding and practice of concepts, Extramarks is an ideal platform to do so.

How to Advance Your Career As a Elementary School Teacher

In recent times, the career ground of elementary school education in the United States has become highly rewarding and the most favored occupation. In past few years, this career option has gained enough recognition and turned out to be one of the few career areas that offer better job prospects and salary that are complemented with solid benefits. In fact, this is one of the few professions that provide you with opportunities to handle important responsibilities like assisting children with educational and emotional development in the beginning of their academic years. These days many elementary school teachers primarily play the role of instructor for small children in several subjects. Adding to this, in some cases, two or more teachers also team up to cover a class.

Functioning as an elementary school teacher, you don’t just educates or teaches children, but perform the important task of making the basics of all the subjects, so that they never face any problem while studying difficult topics in the higher standards. The most important thing that you need to understand is the learning problems faced by the small school students and to offer teaching solutions to overcome from these problems. As a result, this can be only possible if you as an elementary school teacher receive proper training and education. We can certainly say that elementary school teaching is a physically and emotionally demanding occupation that requires a high level of energy. Though the profession has its own rewards, but it also demands skills so that you can perform your role more efficiently.

Now if you are looking forward to making a career as an elementary school teacher, you must be at least a graduate from a well recognized university in a subject which you would like to educate. At a minimum, you must include the completion of a bachelor’s degree. These days, many states of the United States require a specified number of education credits that needs to be earned over the course of study in order to teach in a public school. Though there are some states as well that look for teachers who have earned a master’s degree within a certain amount of time after starting to teach. Nevertheless, in recent times enrolling in a professional development school after bachelor’s degree is also increasingly more popular option.

Apart from all this, you even need to obtain a teaching certification. Today in many states of the United States the licensure is generally granted by the State Board of Education. Ultimately, this licensure can be granted to you by the State Board of Education, if you have passed all the educational requirements and completed a test based on proficiency in basic reading, writing and teaching skills. Though, it is also important to understand that the requirements may even vary by state.

There are many private schools also that do not look or require any certifications. In fact, many private schools are exempt from meeting state licensing standards, although they mostly favor candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in childhood education for elementary school teachers. They generally look for the candidates among recent college graduates. Besides this, many private schools associated with religious institutions desire candidates who share the values that are important to the institution. In addition to this, many private schools even conduct live teaching tests where you as an aspiring teacher will be asked to teach a class of students and based on your teaching process and the quality of teaching grades are given.

At times, you may even have to appear for an interview with the senior school management before you are selected as a teacher. Though, you may keep yourself updated about the elementary school teacher jobs by joining associations like the American Federation of Teachers.

The future prospect for elementary teachers is surely very good. In next few years many job openings are going to boom. The ratio of additional jobs is expected to grow as the demand of teaching jobs in poor and urban schools after a couple of years is also going to increase.

Extramarks, Pioneers in online Education

Extramarks is one of the leading online educators with a keen eye on overall process of teaching. Their holistic approach includes emphasising comprehensive concepts, practice of basic concepts through educational software and participate in various online tests. This kind of 360 degree approach towards learning is highly beneficial to all students, especially the skilfully developed Online Maths Tests help students with a variety of problems.

They have a carefully and systematically developed study system in place for both CBSE and ICSC board students’ right from pre-primary classes to class XII. Many prestigious schools are partners of the study system of and smart modules of Extramarks. The teaching pattern of this online learning system is divided into three main parts.

Learn

Extramarks provide an exclusive new-age learning atmosphere backed by smart modules, designed by educational experts using most modern digital technology. For younger children, these modules are designed based on real life situations and case studies, which are easier for them to understand. In case of higher classes, they follow a step by step approach of learning from simple to complex concepts. Their unique teaching methodology also includes mentor involvement, scheduler, study groups and notes to enhance a student’s learning experience.

Practice

The practice section provided through diverse interactive and interesting ways are intended to instil the concepts thoroughly in the learner’s mind. Besides practice makes the theory perfectly understood, it also boosts the clarity of concepts via interesting exercises and games. Their practice sessions include interactive games and puzzles for small children and various crosswords or memory matches for others. Thinking skill exercises are intended to brainstorm real life applications of key concepts learned. The virtual labs help students by recreating the highly complex principals and theories in an effortlessly understandable way. These practice sessions also include chapter wise question & answer sessions, test papers of boards and summative exam papers of previous years.

Tests

In order to evaluate how you have learned and understood, Extramarks provides numerous test tools for students. These test series are usually given in a hierarchical order, starting from easy to complex stage. A progress feature is provided after evaluating your tests, which gives you or your mentor a clear idea of your performance so far. Based on these tests and progress level evaluation, you can identify the topic that interests you most and this can help you in your Career Selection.

Hence, Extramarks establishes a strong learning atmosphere online with a holistic approach towards learning, practice and evaluation of students at different levels. If you wish to follow a systematic approach of learning the subjects with a deep understanding and practice of concepts, Extramarks is an ideal platform to do so.

How to Advance Your Career As a Elementary School Teacher

In recent times, the career ground of elementary school education in the United States has become highly rewarding and the most favored occupation. In past few years, this career option has gained enough recognition and turned out to be one of the few career areas that offer better job prospects and salary that are complemented with solid benefits. In fact, this is one of the few professions that provide you with opportunities to handle important responsibilities like assisting children with educational and emotional development in the beginning of their academic years. These days many elementary school teachers primarily play the role of instructor for small children in several subjects. Adding to this, in some cases, two or more teachers also team up to cover a class.

Functioning as an elementary school teacher, you don’t just educates or teaches children, but perform the important task of making the basics of all the subjects, so that they never face any problem while studying difficult topics in the higher standards. The most important thing that you need to understand is the learning problems faced by the small school students and to offer teaching solutions to overcome from these problems. As a result, this can be only possible if you as an elementary school teacher receive proper training and education. We can certainly say that elementary school teaching is a physically and emotionally demanding occupation that requires a high level of energy. Though the profession has its own rewards, but it also demands skills so that you can perform your role more efficiently.

Now if you are looking forward to making a career as an elementary school teacher, you must be at least a graduate from a well recognized university in a subject which you would like to educate. At a minimum, you must include the completion of a bachelor’s degree. These days, many states of the United States require a specified number of education credits that needs to be earned over the course of study in order to teach in a public school. Though there are some states as well that look for teachers who have earned a master’s degree within a certain amount of time after starting to teach. Nevertheless, in recent times enrolling in a professional development school after bachelor’s degree is also increasingly more popular option.

Apart from all this, you even need to obtain a teaching certification. Today in many states of the United States the licensure is generally granted by the State Board of Education. Ultimately, this licensure can be granted to you by the State Board of Education, if you have passed all the educational requirements and completed a test based on proficiency in basic reading, writing and teaching skills. Though, it is also important to understand that the requirements may even vary by state.

There are many private schools also that do not look or require any certifications. In fact, many private schools are exempt from meeting state licensing standards, although they mostly favor candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in childhood education for elementary school teachers. They generally look for the candidates among recent college graduates. Besides this, many private schools associated with religious institutions desire candidates who share the values that are important to the institution. In addition to this, many private schools even conduct live teaching tests where you as an aspiring teacher will be asked to teach a class of students and based on your teaching process and the quality of teaching grades are given.

At times, you may even have to appear for an interview with the senior school management before you are selected as a teacher. Though, you may keep yourself updated about the elementary school teacher jobs by joining associations like the American Federation of Teachers.

The future prospect for elementary teachers is surely very good. In next few years many job openings are going to boom. The ratio of additional jobs is expected to grow as the demand of teaching jobs in poor and urban schools after a couple of years is also going to increase.

Easy Tips To Help You With Homeschooling

Our life is a process of learning new things all the time. Schools are designed to teach us most of what we need to know, but sadly they do not always live up to our expectations. Homeschooling can be hard, but this advice can help you through it a positive way.

Know what your state requires of homeschooling programs. Minimum number of homeschooling days, for example, can vary from state to state. A lot of states have curriculums, but you might have to put something together yourself. It’s best to use the local curriculum if possible.

Homeschooling can pose some issues if your other son or daughter is young. You must set aside different times of the day for each of your children. Find activities which are age-appropriate for both children. Any activity that doesn’t interfere with development is a great idea.

Work art projects into topics besides art itself. Have your kids do an art project about each thing you learn about. They can sculpt, act, sing – the limits are only your imagination! The more active your children are while they are learning, the more that total immersion will helpthe lesson to stick in their minds.
Make sure you do some research before jumping into homeschooling. The Internet is a vast source of unique and interesting insights and resources and offers ideas for practically every aspect of the homeschooling experience. Regardless of how much this idea appeals to you, you have to make sure that you have the energy, time, and money to provide your children with the best education.
Get in touch with the state Homeschool Association to discover laws and guidelines you have to follow. There are some states that allow you to be a ‘private school’ and there are other places that want to test your children through the state. You should be in touch with the local school district about your homeschooling plans, also.
Make a list of the positives and negatives of public school and then do the same for homeschooling. This list can guide you as you develop your lessons so that you can make sure that your children are learning everything that that was missing at public school. It will start to become a list of various things you need to avoid so you’re able to stay focused on their learning. Make sure that you store this list and look back at it when necessary.

When homeschooling, it is just as important for the parent to learn as it is for the child. Reading this article and others like it will ensure that you are the best teacher possible for your children. You will be sure that you will be giving your kids a great homeschooling experience.

At Grammartalk we cover a variety of fields in the world, of education. Check out to get educated

Accredited K-12 Homeschooling

Whether you look at online learning from the aspect of cost, convenience or even feasibility, it scores over traditional schooling on all counts. That is exactly what makes online home schooling such a great option for students and parents as well. They have the flexibility they require and also have access to a perfectly economical alternative that caters to their educational needs as well. More than just being cost effective, online home schooling also offers students many more options in terms of courses and electives they can opt for. Traditional schooling systems, however, have certain limitations concerning these areas and tend to throw up a lot more obstacles rather than offer viable solutions. Given the current circumstances, it only seems logical that alternative solutions that work need to be implemented at the earliest.

 Online K-12 courses offer students a number of options to choose from. The greatest thing about being able to access your coursework online is that you can do it from practically anywhere and at any time. All you need to do is get your hands on a computer that has access to the Internet. Completion and submission of coursework too, can be done completely online, which certainly makes things a whole lot easier. This definitely offers a more comprehensive solution to address the urgent need for development of skills across the country. Moreover, getting your high school diploma from an accredited online high school in the country will certainly boost your chances of employment. Here are just a few reasons why you should think about earning your high school diploma from an accredited online school like Forest Trail Academy.

For starters, we’re one of the renowned accredited online high schools in the country. Forest Trail Academy is fully accredited and is registered with the Florida Department of Education. Moreover, our school is regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges & Schools Council on Accreditation and School Improvement (SACS CASI), and is also nationally accredited and a member of National Association of Private & Home Schools (N.A.P.H.S.). Our student testimonials are evidence enough of the quality of education we offer your children and the success rates we’ve witnessed over the past years. We provide our students with a full curriculum that has been aligned and articulated to the Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards.

But that’s not all. In addition to  courses, we also offer you courses for middle school and elementary school as well. We’re also the first online school in the country to have launched an online demo facility that allows you a preview of what it’s like to study in an online environment. If you’d like to know more about us or how to earn your high school diploma online, feel free to get in touch with us at www.foresttrailacademy.com. We look forward to welcoming you into our family at Forest Trail Academy!

When can a property settlement or marital agreement be set aside as unconscionable?

Virginia favors written agreements (contracts) especially among married parties.

The person claiming the agreement is unconscionable has the burden of proof to prove it. An agreement is unconscionable if it is lopsided and significantly favors one party over the other. However, it is not enough that the agreement be disparate. It has to be so disparate that it “shocks the court.” There must also be some type of wrong doing by the other party like fraud, misrepresentation, or duress of some type. Otherwise, the court will not save one party from their bad bargain.

The Courts will hold that “[m]arital property settlements entered into by competent parties upon valid consideration for lawful purposes are favored in the law and such will be enforced unless their illegality is clear and certain.” Cooley v. Cooley, 220 Va. 749, 752 (1980).  As with any contract, a separation agreement, if unconscionable, is void.  A property settlement may be unconscionable based on an evaluation of “the intrinsic fairness of the terms of the agreement in relation to all attendant circumstances, including the relationship between the parties.” Derby v. Derby, 8 Va. App. 19, 28 (1989). A bargain is unconscionable if “no man in his senses and not under delusion would make on the one hand and as no honest and fair man would accept on the other.” Id. To prove unconscionability, a party must show “gross disparity in the division of assets” and “overreaching and oppressive influences” Galloway v. Galloway, 47 Va. App. 83 (2005). The court has held that “[m]arriage and divorce creates a relationship which is particularly susceptible to overreaching and oppression.” Id. at 29.

Virginiacourts have examined separation agreements for unconscionability. In Derby v. Derby, 8Va. App. 19, 28 (1989), the husband “gave up essentially everything he had ever earned and accumulated in his lifetime for an ephemeral promise on the part of the wife to permit him to reside in one of the apartment units in the building…The small amount of remaining marital property was divided evenly, but the agreement provided that George Derby waived his rights to spousal support while Sandra Derby retained hers. The trial court’s finding of unconscionability on its face was supported by the evidence.

In Sims v. Sims, 55 Va. App. 340, 344 (Va. Ct. App. 2009), the Court set aside a separation agreement in which the wife waived spousal support and relinquished to Husband almost 100% of the marital estate–including the marital residence, all retirement benefits and deferred compensation. The court determined that the Agreement “left [Wife] penniless with no practical means for supporting herself.” Id. at 353. In reaching its conclusion, the court considered that the wife possessed very limited educated and suffered from physical and mental ailments. The Husband, though he did not engage in overt oppressive behavior, was found to satisfy the second prong of unconscionability through his attempt to deny his Wife the pecuniary support that she so obviously needed. Id.

An unconscionable contract is defined as one that shocks the conscience. In Plogger v. Plogger, 1997 Va. App. LEXIS 249, there was a gross disparity of assets among the parties, and there was evidence of duress against the less-rewarded spouse. The husband had very modest income, the separation agreement was made without negotiation, and the husband relinquished his ownership rights to nearly all of the marital property. Id.at 5. The court held that the separation was unconscionable and void because, in addition to the gross disparity of the division of property, the husband’s obligation to the wife under the separation agreement was shocking to the conscious. The court held that this knowledge was evidence of overreaching since the wife knew that he had modest financial resources, yet she still sought an extremely high support payment, without negotiation, leaving him “virtually penniless.” Id.at 6.Where the first prong, a gross disparity in value exchanged, is satisfied, the court should next “consider whether oppressive influences affected the agreement to the extent that the process was unfair and the terms of the resulting agreement unconscionable… When the accompanying incidents are inequitable and show bad faith, such as concealments, misrepresentations, undue advantage, oppression on the part of the one who obtains the benefit, or ignorance, weakness of mind, sickness, old age, incapacity, pecuniary necessities, and the like, on the part of the other, those circumstances, combined with inadequacy of price, may easily induce a court to grant relief.” Scroggins v. Scroggins, 1996 Va. App. LEXIS 207(citing Derby, 8Va. App. at 28-29). Furthermore, proof of “pecuniary necessities” and infirmity also satisfies the second prong the unconscionability test even without overt oppressive influences,

Marriage is such a relationship that is particularly susceptible to duress of one spouse against another. See Derby, 8 Va. App. at 28 and 29.  The court has held that “behavior that might not constitute fraud or duress in an arm’s-length context may suffice to invalidate a grossly inequitable agreement where the [marital] relationship is utilized to overreach or take advantage of a situation in order to achieve an oppressive result.” Derby, 8Va. App. at 29.

For example, in Pramagioulis v. Pramagioulis, 2011Va. App. LEXIS 20, the court found a settlement agreement unconscionable because of the Wife was uneducated and easily influenced by her husband as a result of mental instability. She was not represented by counsel. Given her mental condition, she did not understand the legal ramifications of the agreement. The Husband was aware of her mental condition, and made promises to her that he would not keep so that she would sign the PSA. The court found that the Husband’s statements and actions in convincing her to sign the PSA were overreaching influences on wife.

Duress at common law is defined as “any wrongful acts that compel a person … to manifest apparent assent to a transaction without volition or cause such fear as to preclude him from exercising free will and judgment in entering into a transaction.” Norfolk Div. of Soc. Servs. v. Unknown Father, 2Va. App. 420, 435 (1986) (citations omitted).

Duress may exist whether or not the threat is sufficient to overcome the mind of a man of ordinary courage, it being sufficient to constitute duress that one party to the transaction is prevented from exercising his free will by reason of threats made by the other and that the contract is obtained by reason of such fact.

Pelfrey v. Pelfrey, 25Va. App. 239, 246 (1997).

Constructive fraud is defined as the “breach of legal or equitable duty which, irrespective of moral guilt, is declared by law to be fraudulent because of its tendency to deceive others or to violate confidence.” Derby, 8 Va. App. at 16. Fraud is “generally determined by reviewing the conduct of the parties in relation to their legal and equitable duties to one another” Id. at 28.For a contract to be enforceable, one must enter into it with full knowledge of what they are agreeing to. For example, in Scroggins v. Scroggins, 1996Va. App. LEXIS 207 (1996), the Court held that a property settlement was unconscionable because, in addition to a gross disparity in the consideration received, “the husband failed to disclose the value of his pension, his retirement incentive payment, and his medical benefits…and the wife was not as sophisticated as her husband and she relied upon his integrity.”In summary, to have an agreement set aside as unconscionable, one must prove a gross disparity in value and something else like duress, fraud, or misrepresentation